Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Guide 2024

Table of Contents

Semiconductor Processing Technician Salary in United States for 2023

Average Annual Salary: $44,690 Hourly Rate: $21.49

Data sourced from the U.S. Department of Labor via the ONET Web API. Updated at December 8, 2023

Best Colleges and Universities for Semiconductor Processing Technicians in 2023

Best College Majors for Semiconductor Processing Technicians in 2023

Projected Job Employment for Semiconductor Processing Technician:

Estimated YearProjected YearEstimated EmploymentProjected Employment% ChangeProjected Annual Job Opening

Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Path Overview

The semiconductor industry plays a pivotal role in the advancement of technology, and the Semiconductor Processing Technician is a crucial player within this industry. These technicians are responsible for fabricating and processing semiconductor devices, which form the backbone of electronic products ranging from smartphones to supercomputers.

Education and Training

Starting a career as a Semiconductor Processing Technician typically requires a high school diploma or equivalent. However, many employers prefer candidates with some postsecondary education. A two-year associate degree in electronics, engineering technology, or a related field is often preferred. Courses typically cover subjects such as microelectronics, semiconductor physics, digital electronics, and circuit analysis. There are also several certification programs available that can boost your credentials. The Electronics Technicians Association (ETA), for instance, offers a variety of certification programs that can be beneficial to those pursuing a career in this field.

Career Progression

Entry-level Semiconductor Processing Technicians usually work under the supervision of experienced engineers or senior technicians. As they gain experience and expertise, they may assume more responsibilities and work on more complex tasks. With further training and experience, Semiconductor Processing Technicians can advance to become Engineering Technicians, where they assist engineers in designing and developing electronic equipment. Some might also move into supervisory roles overseeing other technicians. Additionally, with continued education, such as earning a bachelor’s degree in engineering or a related field, these professionals could potentially advance to become engineers themselves.

Skills and Competencies

Successful Semiconductor Processing Technicians often possess strong analytical and problem-solving skills. They need to have a keen eye for detail as they will be working with small and intricate components. They must also possess technical skills, including understanding schematics and technical drawings, using precision tools, and operating complex machinery. Knowledge of computer systems is also crucial since much of the work is done using computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) software. Good communication skills are also important as technicians often work in teams and need to relay information clearly and effectively.

Job Outlook and Salary

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for Semiconductor Processors was $36,100 in May 2019. However, salaries can vary widely depending on experience, education, location, and the specific industry. The job outlook for this profession varies by geographic location and industry. However, the overall demand for Semiconductor Processing Technicians is expected to remain steady due to the continued need for advanced electronics and computing technology.

Continuing Education and Certification

Continuing education is key in this rapidly evolving field. As technology continues to advance, Semiconductor Processing Technicians must stay updated with the latest techniques and equipment. Many professional organizations offer courses and seminars to help technicians keep up with these changes. Additionally, earning advanced certifications can demonstrate a technician’s commitment to their profession and can enhance their career opportunities. Certification programs are available from several professional organizations such as The Electronics Technicians Association (ETA) and the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). These certifications are typically based on examinations that test a technician's knowledge and skills in various areas of semiconductor processing.

Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Path Education and Training

Entering the field of semiconductor processing requires a solid foundation of education and training. This career path is highly specialized, necessitating a deep understanding of complex scientific concepts, as well as the ability to operate advanced technological equipment. In this section, we will delve into the necessary steps to become a skilled Semiconductor Processing Technician.

High School Preparation

Starting at the high school level, students interested in this field should focus on courses in mathematics and science, specifically physics and chemistry. These subjects provide a basis for understanding the principles behind semiconductor processing. Additionally, computer and technical classes can provide an introduction to some of the equipment and software used in the industry.

Post-Secondary Education

Following high school, aspiring Semiconductor Processing Technicians typically pursue an associate degree in a related field, such as electronics technology or semiconductor manufacturing technology. These programs often include coursework in microelectronics, semiconductor processing, and equipment operation. Some community colleges and technical schools offer programs specifically tailored to semiconductor manufacturing.

Bachelor's Degree

While not always necessary for entry-level positions, a bachelor's degree in fields like engineering or materials science can provide more in-depth knowledge and potentially open up more advanced career opportunities. In these programs, students can expect to study topics like solid-state physics, materials properties, and microfabrication techniques.

On-the-Job Training

Once hired, Semiconductor Processing Technicians often undergo extensive on-the-job training. This training allows them to learn about specific manufacturing processes used by their employer, gain hands-on experience with equipment, and understand safety protocols. Given the rapidly evolving nature of this industry, ongoing training is also crucial to stay current with the latest advancements in semiconductor technology.


Certification is not typically required, but it can serve as a testament to a technician’s skills and knowledge. Certifications can be obtained through professional organizations like the Electronics Technicians Association (ETA), which offers the Certified Electronics Technician (CET) designation. To achieve this certification, technicians must pass an exam covering a wide range of electronics topics.

With the right combination of education and training, individuals can successfully navigate the career path of a Semiconductor Processing Technician. The opportunity to work at the forefront of technology, shaping the electronic devices of the future, makes this a rewarding career choice for those with a passion for science and technology.

Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Path Progression

The journey to becoming a Semiconductor Processing Technician is both challenging and rewarding. This career path is dynamic, with ample opportunities for growth and advancement. The progression typically starts with an entry-level role and can lead to supervisory or managerial positions over time. In this section, we'll delve into the various stages of a Semiconductor Processing Technician's career path.

Entry-Level Semiconductor Processing Technician

The entry-level stage is where most professionals kickstart their careers in the semiconductor industry. As an entry-level technician, you'll primarily be responsible for operating specialized semiconductor processing equipment, performing basic maintenance, and ensuring the quality control of semiconductor devices. This role often requires a high school diploma or equivalent, coupled with some technical training in electronics, physics, or a related field.

Mid-Level Semiconductor Processing Technician

With several years of experience and further training under your belt, you can advance to a mid-level position. Here, you'll have more responsibilities, including troubleshooting complex equipment issues, assisting engineers in process development, and training new technicians. A degree in engineering or a related field can be beneficial at this stage and may open up more opportunities.

Senior Semiconductor Processing Technician

As a senior technician, you'll take on leadership roles within your team. Your duties may include overseeing operations, managing projects, and developing strategies to improve process efficiency. You'll also be expected to solve advanced technical problems and mentor less experienced technicians. Professionals at this level often hold an advanced degree or have extensive industry experience.

Semiconductor Process Engineer

For those looking to progress beyond a technician role, becoming a Semiconductor Process Engineer is a common next step. This position involves designing and implementing new processes for semiconductor fabrication. It requires deep technical knowledge and strong analytical skills. A bachelor's degree in engineering, physics, or a similar field is typically required, though many employers prefer candidates with a master's degree.

Managerial Positions

In the later stages of your career, you may move into managerial roles such as a Process Engineering Manager or a Director of Operations. These roles involve managing teams, overseeing projects, setting strategic goals, and ensuring compliance with industry standards. They require strong leadership skills and extensive industry experience. In conclusion, the Semiconductor Processing Technician career path offers diverse opportunities for growth and development. With the right mix of education, experience, and skills, you can climb the career ladder and achieve your professional goals in this dynamic industry.

Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Path Specializations and Subfields

In the field of semiconductor technology, there are several specializations and subfields that offer unique career paths for Semiconductor Processing Technicians. Each path comes with its own set of skills, responsibilities, and opportunities for growth.

Photolithography Technician

Photolithography is a key process in semiconductor manufacturing where patterns are transferred from a photomask to a light-sensitive chemical layer on the substrate. As a Photolithography Technician, your primary responsibility will be to operate and maintain photolithography equipment. This role requires a solid understanding of photolithography processes, as well as a meticulous attention to detail to ensure the accurate transfer of patterns.

Thin Film Technician

The Thin Film Technician specialization involves the application of thin film layers onto the semiconductor wafers. The layers are applied through processes like physical vapor deposition (PVD), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), or atomic layer deposition (ALD). As a Thin Film Technician, you will be responsible for operating and maintaining the equipment that applies these thin films, as well as monitoring the quality and consistency of the films.

Etch Technician

Etching is another crucial stage in semiconductor fabrication where unwanted materials are selectively removed from the wafer surface. An Etch Technician operates and maintains etching equipment, ensuring it functions correctly and safely. They also monitor the etching process, adjusting parameters as needed to achieve desired results.

Diffusion Technician

Diffusion is a process used in semiconductor fabrication to alter the electrical properties of materials by introducing impurities or dopants. As a Diffusion Technician, your role will involve operating diffusion furnaces, monitoring process parameters, and analyzing the results to ensure optimal diffusion.

Quality Assurance Technician

Quality Assurance Technicians play an essential role in ensuring that semiconductor devices meet the required quality standards. They inspect and test semiconductor products, analyze data to identify defects or deviations from specifications, and implement corrective measures. This role requires strong analytical skills, as well as a thorough understanding of semiconductor manufacturing processes.

Process Engineering Technician

A Process Engineering Technician works closely with process engineers to develop, implement, and optimize manufacturing processes. They perform tests, collect and analyze data, and make adjustments to processes to improve efficiency and yield. This role requires a good understanding of semiconductor processing technologies, as well as strong problem-solving skills. Each of these specializations offers a unique set of challenges and opportunities, allowing you to focus on the aspects of semiconductor technology that interest you most. By gaining expertise in a specific area, you can enhance your career prospects and make a meaningful contribution to the field of semiconductor manufacturing.

Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Path Job Market and Outlook

The job market for Semiconductor Processing Technicians is a dynamic and evolving landscape that is influenced by the continuous advancements in technology. With the increasing reliance on semiconductors in various industries such as electronics, automotive, telecommunications, and aerospace, the demand for skilled technicians continues to grow. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the employment of Semiconductor Processing Technicians is projected to grow about 7% from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is driven by the increasing demand for semiconductors in a variety of products, including computers, smartphones, vehicles, and appliances. In addition, the semiconductor industry is constantly innovating and introducing new technologies that require highly skilled technicians to manufacture, test, and improve. This continuous innovation presents opportunities for Semiconductor Processing Technicians who are willing to stay updated with the latest techniques and methodologies. The job market outlook for this career also varies by geographical location. Regions with a high concentration of semiconductor manufacturing plants such as California, Texas, Arizona, and Oregon typically have a higher demand for these technicians. However, opportunities can also be found in other areas where tech companies are expanding their operations. While job prospects for Semiconductor Processing Technicians are generally favorable, competition can be intense. Those with an associate's degree or higher in a relevant field such as electronics technology or engineering technology, along with relevant work experience, may have better job prospects. In addition, certification from recognized industry bodies can also enhance employment opportunities.

Future Trends in the Semiconductor Processing Technician Job Market

As we look into the future, several trends are likely to shape the job market for Semiconductor Processing Technicians. The emergence of new technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), and 5G will continue to drive the demand for semiconductors, thereby creating more job opportunities for these technicians. Furthermore, the ongoing miniaturization of semiconductor devices will require technicians with specialized skills to handle and process these tiny components. This trend is expected to create more specialized roles within the field, offering new career opportunities for those with the right skill set. Another significant trend is the increasing focus on sustainability within the semiconductor industry. This shift towards greener manufacturing processes is likely to create demand for technicians who are skilled in implementing and maintaining environmentally friendly practices. In conclusion, the job market outlook for Semiconductor Processing Technicians is positive, driven by technological advancements and industry trends. However, those wishing to enter or progress in this field must ensure they possess the right qualifications and skills to take advantage of these opportunities.

Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Path Salary and Compensation

In the world of technology, Semiconductor Processing Technicians hold a pivotal role. They are responsible for setting up, operating, and maintaining the machinery used to produce semiconductors, the foundation of our digital world. As such, their compensation often reflects the significance and technical nature of their work. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual wage for semiconductor processors was $36,810 in May 2020. However, compensation can vary considerably depending on various factors such as location, level of experience, skills, the complexity of tasks handled, and the size of the employer.

Entry-Level Salary

As an entry-level Semiconductor Processing Technician, one can expect a salary on the lower end of the spectrum. The BLS reports that the lowest 10 percent earned less than $26,600 annually in May 2020. However, even at this stage, technicians can enhance their earnings by acquiring additional skills and certifications.

Mid-Career Salary

With experience and advancement in role, a significant increase in salary can be expected. Mid-career Semiconductor Processing Technicians can anticipate annual earnings in the range of $36,000 to $50,000. However, this can vary widely based on factors mentioned earlier.

Senior-Level Salary

Senior-level Semiconductor Processing Technicians who have amassed substantial experience and expertise can command higher salaries. These professionals often handle more complex tasks and may supervise teams or entire operations. The top 10 percent of earners in this field made more than $52,400 annually in May 2020, according to the BLS.

Additional Compensation

In addition to base salary, Semiconductor Processing Technicians may also receive additional compensation in the form of benefits like health insurance, retirement plans, paid time off, and bonuses. Some employers may also offer educational assistance or professional development opportunities, further enhancing the overall compensation package.

Future Salary Trends

The salary trends for Semiconductor Processing Technicians are influenced by a variety of factors including technological advancements, industry demand, and economic conditions. As the need for semiconductors continues to rise with the proliferation of digital devices and technologies, it's reasonable to anticipate that compensation for these professionals may also see an upward trend. Remember, while salary is an important aspect of any job, it's also crucial to consider other factors like job satisfaction, career growth opportunities, work-life balance, and the overall work environment when choosing a career path.

Semiconductor Processing Technician Career Path Tips for Success

To excel as a Semiconductor Processing Technician, one must demonstrate a keen understanding of the semiconductor manufacturing process, showcase exceptional technical skills, and maintain an unwavering commitment to quality. This section will provide some insightful tips to help you succeed in this career path.

Acquire Relevant Education and Training

The first step towards becoming a successful Semiconductor Processing Technician is acquiring a relevant education. An associate degree in electronics, physics, or a related field is usually required. Some companies may even prefer candidates with a bachelor's degree in engineering. It's also advantageous to complete courses in semiconductor technology to gain specific knowledge about the industry. In addition to academic qualifications, practical training is also essential. Many community colleges and technical schools offer hands-on training programs that equip students with the skills required to operate, maintain, and troubleshoot semiconductor manufacturing equipment.

Gain Hands-on Experience

Hands-on experience is invaluable in the semiconductor industry. Early career professionals should seek out opportunities that allow them to gain practical experience, such as internships or entry-level positions. Working on the production floor can provide real-world experience with the processes and equipment used in semiconductor manufacturing.

Stay Updated with Industry Trends

The semiconductor industry is fast-paced and constantly evolving. To stay competitive, it's crucial to keep up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends. Attend seminars, workshops, and trade shows. Join professional associations and engage in networking events to learn from industry experts.

Develop Strong Problem-Solving Skills

Semiconductor Processing Technicians often encounter complex problems that require innovative solutions. Developing strong problem-solving skills is therefore essential. Whether it’s troubleshooting a malfunctioning piece of equipment or improving a manufacturing process, the ability to identify problems and implement effective solutions is a valuable skill in this field.

Pursue Continuous Learning

In a rapidly changing industry like semiconductor manufacturing, continuous learning is key. Consider pursuing additional certifications or advanced degrees to expand your knowledge and skill set. Many employers offer tuition reimbursement programs for employees seeking to further their education in relevant fields.

Master Communication and Teamwork

Effective communication and teamwork are important in any workplace, including a semiconductor production environment. Technicians often work in teams and must communicate clearly with engineers, operators, and other technicians. Mastering these soft skills can greatly enhance your effectiveness and success as a Semiconductor Processing Technician. Remember, success in this career path requires a combination of technical knowledge, practical experience, problem-solving skills, and a commitment to continuous learning. By following these tips, you'll be well on your way to a successful career as a Semiconductor Processing Technician.

What does a Semiconductor Processing Technician do?

A Semiconductor Processing Technician, also known as a Semiconductor Technician, plays a crucial role in the manufacturing and production of semiconductor devices. They are responsible for monitoring, inspecting, and testing these devices to ensure their optimal performance and quality. Their tasks typically involve setting up and operating specialized equipment used in the fabrication process, troubleshooting any issues that may arise, and maintaining precise documentation of procedures and results.

What are the educational requirements for a Semiconductor Processing Technician?

Typically, the minimum educational requirement for becoming a Semiconductor Processing Technician is an Associate's degree in a relevant field such as electronics technology, semiconductor manufacturing technology, or a related discipline. Some employers may prefer candidates with a Bachelor's degree in engineering or physical science. Additionally, individuals can enhance their career prospects by obtaining certification from recognized institutions such as the Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI).

What skills are required to become a Semiconductor Processing Technician?

Being a Semiconductor Processing Technician requires a mix of both technical and soft skills. Technical skills include understanding semiconductor processes, operating complex machinery, and problem-solving abilities to troubleshoot equipment malfunctions. Soft skills include attention to detail, communication skills to relay technical information effectively, and the ability to work collaboratively within teams.

What is the typical career progression for a Semiconductor Processing Technician?

The career path for a Semiconductor Processing Technician can be quite varied. Typically, entry-level technicians start by performing routine tasks under supervision. As they gain experience and expertise, they may progress to roles that involve more responsibility such as Senior or Lead Technician. From there, opportunities may arise to move into supervisory or managerial roles, or even transition into engineering positions with further education and training.

What is the job outlook for a Semiconductor Processing Technician?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment for Semiconductor Processing Technicians is projected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations. The growth is largely driven by the continual demand for smaller, faster, and more energy-efficient electronic devices. With the increasing complexity of semiconductor devices, companies will need more technicians to operate and maintain the sophisticated equipment used in their production.

How much does a Semiconductor Processing Technician make?

The salary for a Semiconductor Processing Technician can vary greatly depending on the region, level of experience, and the specific industry they work in. However, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for Semiconductor Processing Technicians was $37,560 in May 2019. Technicians working in research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences earned the highest median wage of $58,230.