Robotics Engineer Career Guide 2024

Table of Contents

Robotics Engineer Salary in United States for 2023

Average Annual Salary: $104,600 Hourly Rate: $50.29

Data sourced from the U.S. Department of Labor via the ONET Web API. Updated at December 8, 2023

Best College Majors for Robotics Engineers in 2023

Projected Job Employment for Robotics Engineer:

Estimated YearProjected YearEstimated EmploymentProjected Employment% ChangeProjected Annual Job Opening

Robotics Engineer Career Path Overview

The robotics engineering field is an exciting and dynamic area that merges computer science, electronics, and mechanical engineering to design, develop, test and implement innovative robotic systems. This career path offers a wide array of opportunities for individuals with a passion for technology and robotics.

Education and Training Requirements

To embark on a career as a Robotics Engineer, a strong foundation in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) subjects is necessary. Typically, a bachelor’s degree in robotics engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering or a related field is the minimum requirement. Some positions may require a master’s degree or PhD in robotics or a related discipline. Training in robotics involves core subjects such as kinematics, fluid mechanics, materials science, software programming, algorithm design and development, and control systems. As this field is constantly evolving, continuous learning and staying updated with the latest technological advancements is essential.

Career Progression

Career progression in robotics engineering often begins with an entry-level position as a Junior Robotics Engineer or Robotics Technician. With experience and further education, one can advance to positions such as Senior Robotics Engineer, Robotics Systems Engineer or Project Manager. There are also opportunities for specialization within the field. For instance, one could become a Robotics Software Engineer focusing on programming and developing software for robots. Alternatively, one could choose to specialize as a Robotics Test Engineer or Robotics Design Engineer.

Job Opportunities and Industries

Robotics Engineers find employment across various industries including manufacturing, healthcare, aerospace, automotive and agriculture. In manufacturing, they may work on designing assembly line robots while in healthcare, they could be involved in creating robotic surgical tools. Tech companies and research institutions also hire robotics engineers for research and development roles. Moreover, there's an increasing demand for robotics engineers in emerging fields like autonomous vehicles, drone technology, and artificial intelligence.

Skills and Competencies

To succeed as a Robotics Engineer, a mix of hard and soft skills is required. On the technical side, strong programming skills, a deep understanding of electronics, mechanical systems and computer-aided design (CAD) are crucial. Soft skills such as problem-solving, analytical thinking, creativity and teamwork are equally important as robotics engineering often involves working on complex projects that require innovative solutions and collaboration. A passion for continuous learning is also key due to the rapidly evolving nature of the field.

Certifications and Continuing Education

While not always required, certifications can enhance a Robotics Engineer's credentials and job prospects. The Robotics Certification Standards Alliance (RCSA) offers a Certified Robotics Engineer (CRE) credential that demonstrates proficiency in robotics engineering. Continuing education is also vital in this ever-evolving field. Many universities and institutions offer postgraduate degrees and professional courses in robotics and related fields to help engineers stay updated with the latest advancements. Overall, the career path of a Robotics Engineer is filled with opportunities for those with a passion for technology, innovation, and problem-solving. Whether working in established industries or emerging fields, the work of Robotics Engineers contributes significantly to technological progress and innovation.

Robotics Engineer Career Path Education and Training

The journey towards becoming a Robotics Engineer involves a combination of formal education, practical training, and hands-on experience. This section will delve into the specific educational qualifications and training necessary to excel in this dynamic field.

Step 1: High School Preparation

For students aspiring to become Robotics Engineers, the foundation begins in high school. Pursuing courses in mathematics (such as calculus and trigonometry), science (physics and chemistry), and computer science can provide a solid basis for further studies. Engaging in robotics clubs or competitions can also provide valuable hands-on experience.

Step 2: Bachelor's Degree

The minimum educational requirement for most entry-level positions in robotics engineering is a bachelor's degree. Aspiring engineers often choose to major in fields like Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, or Computer Science with a focus on robotics. These programs typically offer coursework in areas such as kinematics, control systems, microprocessors, computer programming, and artificial intelligence.

Step 3: Internships and Co-op Programs

Internships and cooperative education programs are excellent opportunities for students to gain real-world experience in robotics engineering. These opportunities often involve working on actual robotics projects under the supervision of experienced engineers, allowing students to apply the theoretical knowledge they have gained in the classroom.

Step 4: Master's Degree (Optional)

While not always required, a master's degree can greatly enhance a robotics engineer's career prospects. Specialized master's programs in robotics engineering allow for deeper study into specific aspects of the field such as autonomous systems, robotic vision, and advanced control systems. Some professionals may also opt for an MBA with a focus on technology management to combine technical expertise with business acumen.

Step 5: Professional Certification

Although it's not mandatory, obtaining professional certification can be beneficial for a robotics engineer. Certifications from reputable organizations like the Robotics Industries Association (RIA) or the International Society of Automation (ISA) can demonstrate a high level of competency and commitment to the field.

Step 6: Continuous Learning and Specialization

Given the rapid technological advancements in robotics, continuous learning is essential for staying up-to-date with the latest developments. This could involve attending industry conferences, participating in professional workshops, or pursuing further education in a specialized area of interest. In conclusion, the path to becoming a Robotics Engineer requires a mix of formal education, hands-on training, and continuous learning. With dedication and perseverance, this challenging yet rewarding career path can lead to a multitude of opportunities in various industries including manufacturing, healthcare, space exploration, and more.

Robotics Engineer Career Path Progression

If you're captivated by the world of robotics and are eager to make significant contributions to this fast-evolving field, a career as a Robotics Engineer may be the ideal path for you. The journey to becoming a Robotics Engineer is filled with fascinating opportunities, challenges, and continuous learning. This section will provide an in-depth look into the progression of a Robotics Engineer's career path.

Entry-Level Position: Junior Robotics Engineer

After earning a Bachelor's degree in Robotics Engineering or a related field, most individuals start their journey as Junior Robotics Engineers. In this role, they work under the supervision of senior engineers and are primarily involved in the design, testing, and troubleshooting of basic robotic systems. They also assist in the maintenance and repair of robots in industrial settings. Entry-level positions provide a practical hands-on experience that builds on the theoretical knowledge gained during academic studies.

Mid-Level Position: Robotics Engineer

With several years of experience and proven expertise, Junior Robotics Engineers can advance to become Robotics Engineers. This position involves more complex tasks such as designing sophisticated robotic systems and automation equipment. Additionally, they may be responsible for programming robots, integrating robotic systems into existing structures, and ensuring their efficient operation. To excel in this role, one should have strong problem-solving skills and a comprehensive understanding of computer programming and hardware design.

Senior-Level Position: Lead Robotics Engineer

A Lead Robotics Engineer is a high-level position that involves overseeing the work of other engineers and leading major projects. Their tasks often include conceptualizing and implementing complex robotics systems, conducting research to improve existing technologies, and ensuring that projects are completed within budget and on time. A Master's degree or PhD in Robotics Engineering or a related field can help professionals secure this position.

Specializations in the Field

As the field of robotics continues to expand, so too do the opportunities for specialization. Some Robotics Engineers may choose to specialize in areas such as automation, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, or unmanned vehicle systems. These specializations can open up a wide range of career opportunities in industries like manufacturing, healthcare, aerospace, and more.

Continuing Education and Certification

Continuing education is crucial for career progression in this rapidly evolving field. Pursuing advanced degrees or obtaining certifications from recognized bodies such as the Robotics Industries Association (RIA) can significantly enhance career prospects. Attending industry conferences, workshops, and webinars are also excellent ways to stay updated with the latest trends and advancements in robotics technology. In conclusion, the career path of a Robotics Engineer offers immense growth potential and opportunities for continuous learning. Whether you're just starting your journey or are an experienced professional, there's always room to advance and specialize in this exciting field.

Robotics Engineer Career Path Specializations and Subfields

As an interdisciplinary field, robotics engineering offers a variety of specializations, each presenting unique opportunities and challenges. Whether you're interested in research, development, design, or testing of robotic systems, there's a specialization that fits your passion and skills.

Industrial Robotics Engineering

Industrial robotics engineers are focused on improving the efficiency and effectiveness of industrial processes. These engineers design and develop robotic systems used in manufacturing and production lines, such as those in automobile factories or food processing plants. They work closely with other engineers and specialists to integrate robots into existing systems and to ensure they operate safely and efficiently.

Medical Robotics Engineering

Medical robotics engineers work at the intersection of healthcare and technology. They design, build, and test robots that assist in surgeries, rehabilitation therapies, and patient care. These engineers must have a deep understanding of both engineering principles and medical procedures to ensure the robots they create can perform delicate tasks accurately and safely.

Space Robotics Engineering

Space robotics engineers develop robotic systems for use in space exploration. These robots are used for tasks that are too dangerous or impractical for humans to perform, such as repairing satellites or exploring distant planets. This specialization requires a strong background in physics and a thorough understanding of the unique challenges presented by the space environment.

Autonomous Systems Engineering

Autonomous systems engineers focus on creating robots that can perform tasks without human intervention. This includes self-driving cars, drones, or underwater exploration robots. These engineers need a deep understanding of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms, as well as the ability to integrate these technologies into robotic systems.

Agricultural Robotics Engineering

Agricultural robotics engineers develop robotic systems to improve farming practices. These can range from autonomous tractors to drones that monitor crop health. This field requires knowledge of agriculture alongside engineering, and these engineers often work closely with farmers to ensure their systems meet the needs of modern agriculture. Each of these specializations offers a unique path in the field of robotics engineering, but they all share a common goal: to leverage technology in creating intelligent machines that can perform tasks more efficiently, safely, or effectively than humans. Whether your passion lies in space exploration, healthcare, or agriculture, there's a career path in robotics engineering for you.

Robotics Engineer Career Path Job Market and Outlook

As we embark on the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the demand for Robotics Engineers is increasing at an unprecedented rate. The integration of robotics into various sectors, from manufacturing and healthcare to agriculture and entertainment, is driving a robust and promising job market for these professionals. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment for robotics engineers, categorized under mechanical engineers, is projected to grow 4% from 2019 to 2029. However, considering the rapid advancements in technology and increasing dependence on automation, this growth rate could be significantly higher for robotics-specific roles.

Thriving Sectors for Robotics Engineers

The manufacturing industry has been a traditional employer for Robotics Engineers, leveraging automation to increase efficiency and productivity. However, with the rise of Industry 4.0 technologies, new sectors are emerging as promising avenues for these professionals. Healthcare is one such sector where robotics is making significant inroads. Surgical robots, rehabilitation robots, and automated delivery systems are just a few examples of how robotics engineers are transforming the healthcare landscape. Similarly, the agriculture sector is also harnessing the power of robotics for precision farming, automated harvesting, and crop monitoring. These advancements have opened up new job opportunities for Robotics Engineers in this sector.

Emerging Trends Impacting the Job Market

Several emerging trends are shaping the job market for Robotics Engineers. Firstly, the rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is creating a need for engineers who can design and develop intelligent robots. Secondly, the concept of Internet of Things (IoT) is promoting the development of connected robotic systems that can communicate and coordinate with each other. This has led to an increased demand for Robotics Engineers with skills in IoT. Lastly, as companies strive to enhance customer experiences, there's a growing need for robotics engineers who can develop service robots. These robots are designed to interact with customers, assist them, and even entertain them in settings like retail stores, restaurants, and hotels.

Geographical Hotspots for Robotics Engineers

Certain geographical regions, particularly those with a strong presence of tech companies and advanced manufacturing facilities, offer more job opportunities for Robotics Engineers. Areas such as Silicon Valley in California, the Research Triangle in North Carolina, and the Greater Boston area in Massachusetts are known for their thriving robotics scenes. However, with the rise of remote work and the global nature of technological innovation, Robotics Engineers can find rewarding job opportunities beyond these traditional tech hubs. International hotspots for robotics jobs include countries like Japan, Germany, and South Korea that have robust manufacturing sectors and a culture of technological innovation.


Overall, the job market outlook for Robotics Engineers is promising and poised for growth. With new sectors embracing robotics and emerging trends shaping the industry, these professionals have a wide array of opportunities to build a successful and rewarding career.

Robotics Engineer Career Path Salary and Compensation

A career in robotics engineering can be rewarding both intellectually and financially. This field offers opportunities to work with cutting-edge technology and contribute to the development of innovative solutions that can change the world. The salary and compensation for robotics engineers are also attractive, reflecting the high level of skill and expertise required in this field.

Entry-Level Robotics Engineer Salary

An entry-level robotics engineer, typically someone with less than five years of experience, can expect to earn an average salary of approximately $70,000 to $90,000 per year in the United States. This figure may vary depending on geographical location, size of the company, and other factors like the level of education and specialization.

Mid-Level Robotics Engineer Salary

With increased experience and expertise, a mid-level robotics engineer, generally with five to ten years of experience, can expect a significant rise in salary. The average annual pay for mid-level professionals ranges from $90,000 to $120,000.

Senior-Level Robotics Engineer Salary

Senior robotics engineers, or those with more than ten years of experience, typically command high salaries due to their vast knowledge and expertise. These professionals can expect to earn anywhere from $120,000 to $150,000 per year or even more depending on the complexity of their role, their leadership responsibilities, and the size and industry of their employer.

Additional Compensation

Beyond base salaries, robotics engineers may also receive additional compensation in the form of bonuses, profit sharing or stock options. These are often offered to incentivize performance or as part of a comprehensive benefits package. It's also worth noting that further education, such as a master's degree or PhD in robotics engineering or a related field, can also boost earning potential.

Job Outlook for Robotics Engineers

The job outlook for robotics engineers is quite promising. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of robotics engineers, categorized under mechanical engineers, is projected to grow 4 percent from 2019 to 2029. This growth is driven by advancements in technology and the increasing demand for automation in various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, and logistics. In conclusion, a career as a robotics engineer offers substantial financial rewards along with the opportunity to work at the forefront of technological innovation. With experience and continued professional development, robotics engineers can expect increasing compensation throughout their career.

Robotics Engineer Career Path Tips for Success

As an aspirant or professional in the field of robotics engineering, your journey to success may not always be smooth. However, with the right tips and strategies, you can navigate your way and ascend in your career ladder effectively. Here are some insightful tips to guide you towards a successful career path in robotics engineering.

Acquire the Right Education and Training

The first stepping stone towards a successful career in robotics engineering is acquiring the right education. Typically, a bachelor's degree in robotics engineering, mechanical engineering, or electrical engineering is required to enter this field. Some employers might prefer candidates with a master's degree or Ph.D. for higher-level positions. A solid foundation in mathematics, physics, and computer science is also essential. In addition to formal education, hands-on training is crucial. Participate in internships, co-op programs, or laboratory work during your studies. This practical experience will give you an edge when applying for jobs, as it allows you to apply theoretical knowledge in real-world situations.

Stay Abreast of Technological Advances

Robotics engineering is a rapidly evolving field. To remain competitive and relevant in this industry, you need to keep up with the latest trends and advancements in technology. Attend seminars, workshops, and conferences. Subscribe to relevant journals and publications. Engage in online communities and forums where new ideas and technologies are discussed.

Hone Your Soft Skills

While technical skills are vital for a robotics engineer, don't underestimate the importance of soft skills. Communication skills, problem-solving abilities, creativity, teamwork, and project management skills are all critical for success in this field. You will often need to explain complex technical concepts to non-engineers, work collaboratively with a team, and manage projects from conception to completion.

Gain Certifications

Earning professional certifications can boost your career in robotics engineering. Certifications not only demonstrate your expertise and dedication to the field but also make you more attractive to potential employers. Some popular certifications include Certified Robotics Engineer (CRE) from the International Society of Automation (ISA) and Certified Robotics Technologist (CRT) from the Robotic Industries Association (RIA).


Establishing and nurturing professional relationships is another key to success in the robotics engineering field. Networking can open doors to new job opportunities, collaborations, and mentorship. Join professional organizations such as the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society or the Robotics Industries Association to meet like-minded individuals and industry leaders. Remember, the journey to becoming a successful robotics engineer is a continuous process of learning and growth. Stay curious, keep learning, and never stop pushing the boundaries of what's possible in this exciting field.

What is a Robotics Engineer?

A Robotics Engineer is a professional who designs, builds, tests, and implements robots and automated systems. They work in industries such as healthcare, manufacturing, and aerospace, creating solutions to improve efficiency, safety, and functionality. These engineers need strong skills in mathematics, physics, computer programming, and systems engineering.

What does a Robotics Engineer do?

Robotics Engineers are responsible for designing and developing robots and automation systems. This includes creating blueprints, developing software to control the robots, conducting research to identify new ways robots can be used in various industries, troubleshooting and repairing robot systems, and ensuring that the robots perform their functions correctly. They also collaborate with other professionals such as mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, and computer scientists to create well-rounded robotic systems.

What is the career path for a Robotics Engineer?

The career path for a Robotics Engineer typically starts with obtaining a bachelor's degree in robotics engineering or a related field such as mechanical engineering or computer science. After gaining some experience through internships or entry-level positions, many Robotics Engineers further their education by earning a master's degree or Ph.D. in robotics engineering. With more experience and education, they can advance to roles such as Senior Robotics Engineer or Robotics Engineering Manager.

What skills are needed to become a Robotics Engineer?

To become a successful Robotics Engineer, you'll need a strong foundation in mathematics and physics, knowledge of computer programming languages such as Python or C++, and skills in mechanical design. You should also have good problem-solving abilities, excellent attention to detail, creativity for designing innovative robotic systems, and strong teamwork skills as most projects require collaboration with other professionals.

What is the job outlook for Robotics Engineers?

The job outlook for Robotics Engineers is very positive. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of robotics engineers, part of the broader field of mechanical engineers, is projected to grow 4% from 2019 to 2029. The increasing adoption of automation and artificial intelligence in various industries is expected to drive this growth.

What is the average salary of a Robotics Engineer?

The average salary of a Robotics Engineer can vary significantly depending on factors such as location, level of experience, and the specific industry. However, according to Payscale, as of September 2021, the average salary for a Robotics Engineer in the United States is around $83,241 per year.

What are some top companies for Robotics Engineers?

Some top companies that hire Robotics Engineers include Boston Dynamics, known for their advanced humanoid robots; ABB, a leader in industrial robotics; iRobot, famous for their Roomba vacuum; SpaceX, where robotics play a crucial role in space exploration; and Amazon, which uses robotics extensively in its warehouses.