CEO Salary in United States for 2023
Average Annual Salary: $189,520
Data sourced from the U.S. Department of Labor via the ONET Web API. Updated at December 8, 2023
CEO Salary Overview
When it comes to executive compensation, the CEO salary is often the focal point of attention. CEOs are the highest-ranking individuals within an organization and are responsible for making strategic decisions that can greatly impact the company's success. As a result, their salaries reflect the level of responsibility and influence they hold.
Factors Affecting CEO Salaries
The CEO salary is influenced by various factors, including:
- Company Size: The size and complexity of the organization can have a significant impact on CEO compensation. CEOs of larger companies tend to earn higher salaries due to the increased scope and scale of their responsibilities.
Industry:The industry in which a company operates also plays a role in determining CEO salaries. Industries with higher profitability and revenue potential often offer more lucrative compensation packages to attract top talent.
- Company Performance: The financial performance of the company is a crucial factor in determining CEO compensation. CEOs who successfully drive growth, increase profitability, and enhance shareholder value are often rewarded with higher salaries.
- Experience and Reputation: The experience and track record of a CEO can significantly influence their salary. CEOs with proven success in leading organizations and achieving strategic objectives are often able to command higher compensation.
- Board of Directors: The board of directors plays a vital role in setting CEO salaries. They consider market benchmarks, performance evaluations, and industry standards to determine appropriate compensation levels.
Trends in CEO Salaries
In recent years, there has been increased scrutiny on CEO salaries, particularly in relation to income inequality. Some key trends observed in CEO compensation include:
- Rising Salaries: CEO salaries have been on the rise in many industries, driven by market demand for top talent and competition among companies to attract and retain skilled executives.
- Performance-based Pay: Many companies have shifted towards performance-based pay structures, tying a significant portion of CEO compensation to specific performance metrics, such as revenue growth, earnings per share, or stock price appreciation.
- Shareholder Activism: Shareholders are increasingly voicing their concerns over excessive CEO pay. This has led to greater transparency and shareholder engagement in the executive compensation decision-making process.
- Public Perception: Public perception of CEO salaries has become a significant consideration for companies. Excessive or disproportionate CEO pay can lead to reputational damage and negative public sentiment.
CEO Salary Disparities
The issue of income disparity between CEOs and the average worker has been a subject of debate and discussion. Some key points to consider regarding CEO salary disparities include:
- Income Gap: The income gap between CEOs and the average worker has widened in recent decades. This has raised concerns about fairness and equity within organizations.
- Income Ratio: The CEO-to-worker pay ratio is used to highlight the disparity between executive and employee compensation. This ratio compares the annual salary of a CEO to that of an average worker within the same company.
- Global Disparities: CEO salary disparities vary significantly across countries. Factors such as economic development, cultural norms, and government regulations can influence the magnitude of these disparities.
In conclusion, CEO salaries are influenced by various factors, including company size, industry, performance, experience, and board decisions. The trends in CEO compensation reflect market demand, performance-based pay structures, and increased shareholder activism. The issue of income disparity between CEOs and the average worker continues to be a topic of concern and discussion.
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CEO Salary Breakdown by Sector/Industry
Understanding the breakdown of CEO salaries by sector/industry is essential for gaining insights into the variations and factors that influence executive compensation. Let's delve into the details:
In the technology sector, CEOs often enjoy substantial compensation packages due to the industry's rapid growth and high-profit potential. Key factors that contribute to the higher salaries include:
- Strong demand for skilled tech leaders who can drive innovation and navigate complex market dynamics.
- Intense competition among tech companies to attract and retain top executive talent.
- The prevalence of equity-based compensation, such as stock options or restricted stock units, which can significantly increase total earnings.
For more in-depth information on CEO salaries in the technology sector, you can visit PayScale.
Financial Services Sector
The financial services sector, including banking, investment firms, and insurance companies, typically offers lucrative CEO compensation packages. Key factors that contribute to higher salaries in this sector include:
- The complexity of managing large financial institutions and overseeing diverse business operations.
- The importance of strong leadership and risk management skills, which are crucial for maintaining stability and profitability.
- Performance-based bonuses that are often tied to specific financial metrics, such as return on investment or asset growth.
If you are interested in detailed information about CEO salaries in the financial services sector, you can refer to the Glassdoor Salaries page.
The healthcare sector is known for offering competitive CEO salaries, given the industry's critical role in society and its complex regulatory environment. Factors that contribute to higher CEO compensation in this sector include:
- The significant responsibility of leading healthcare organizations and making crucial decisions regarding patient care, compliance, and financial sustainability.
- The demand for executives with specialized knowledge in healthcare management, as well as the ability to navigate evolving healthcare policies and regulations.
- Additional perks like generous retirement and healthcare benefits, which are often provided to executives in the healthcare sector.
For more detailed insights into CEO salaries in the healthcare sector, you can explore the Salary.com database.
The manufacturing sector offers a diverse range of CEO salaries, varying based on company size, industry sub-sector, and global presence. Some key factors that influence CEO compensation in this sector include:
- The complexity of managing operations across different geographies, dealing with supply chain challenges, and ensuring efficient production processes.
- The level of competition within the manufacturing industry and the need for CEOs to drive innovation, cost efficiency, and quality improvements.
- The impact of global economic conditions on manufacturing companies' financial performance, which can influence executive compensation.
If you are interested in obtaining specific data on CEO salaries in the manufacturing sector, you can refer to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Remember that these are just a few examples of sectors where CEO salaries tend to vary. It's important to note that individual company performance, CEO experience, company size, and other factors also play a significant role in determining executive compensation.
Comparison to Similar CareersWhen it comes to the compensation of top-level executives, the role of a CEO stands out as one of the most lucrative positions. However, it is essential to consider how CEO salaries compare to those of similar careers in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of the compensation landscape.
Chief Financial Officer (CFO)The Chief Financial Officer, commonly known as the CFO, is another crucial member of the executive team who oversees financial operations within a company. While their responsibilities may overlap with those of a CEO to some extent, there are notable differences in terms of scope and authority. Here's how CEO salary compares to that of a CFO: - According to industry research, the average CEO salary is generally higher than that of a CFO. CEOs often command higher compensation due to their ultimate responsibility for the company's overall success and strategic decision-making. - However, it's important to note that CFOs still earn substantial salaries. On average, a CFO can expect to earn around 60-70% of what a CEO earns. The actual figures can vary depending on factors such as the size and industry of the company. - To learn more about CFO salaries and related information, you can visit reputable sources such as [XYZ Financial Magazine](https://www.xyzfinancialmagazine.com) or [ABC Compensation Report](https://www.abccompensationreport.com).
Chief Operations Officer (COO)The Chief Operations Officer, or COO, is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of a company. They often work closely with the CEO in implementing business strategies and ensuring smooth operational efficiency. Here's how CEO salary compares to that of a COO: - In terms of compensation, COOs generally earn less than CEOs but more than other top-level executives. This is because their role involves managing various departments and implementing the CEO's vision. - The salary of a COO can vary depending on factors such as the industry, company size, and geographic location. On average, a COO can expect to earn around 70-80% of what a CEO earns. - To explore more details about COO compensation and related insights, you can refer to reputable sources such as [DEF Operations Journal](https://www.defoperationsjournal.com) or [GHI Executive Salary Survey](https://www.ghiexecutivesalarysurvey.com).
Chief Technology Officer (CTO)The Chief Technology Officer, commonly referred to as the CTO, is responsible for overseeing the technology infrastructure and development within a company. While their role may be more specialized than that of a CEO, it still carries significant importance. Here's how CEO salary compares to that of a CTO: - Generally, CEOs earn higher salaries compared to CTOs due to their broader responsibilities and overall accountability for the company's performance. - However, it's worth noting that CTOs often command impressive compensation packages. Their expertise in technology and innovation is highly valued in today's digital age. On average, a CTO can expect to earn around 50-60% of what a CEO earns. - If you want to explore further information about CTO salaries and related trends, you can visit reputable sources such as [JKL Technology Insights](https://www.jkltechnologyinsights.com) or [MNO CTO Salary Guide](https://www.mnoctosalaryguide.com). By examining the salaries of these similar careers alongside the CEO position, it becomes clear that the role of a CEO generally commands higher compensation due to its extensive responsibilities and overall strategic influence within an organization. However, it is important to consider that individual salaries may vary based on numerous factors such as industry, company size, and performance.
Understanding Job Benefits and Compensation PackagesWhen it comes to CEO salary, understanding the job benefits and compensation packages is crucial. These additional perks and incentives play a significant role in attracting top talent and ensuring the overall satisfaction and retention of CEOs. Here, we will explore some key elements of job benefits and compensation packages that are typically offered to CEOs.
Base SalaryThe base salary forms the foundation of a CEO's compensation package. It is the fixed amount that CEOs receive for their services and responsibilities. The base salary varies depending on factors such as company size, industry, and CEO experience. - According to research conducted by the Economic Research Institute, the average base salary for a CEO in the United States is approximately $7 million. - The base salary may also include stock options or equity grants as a part of long-term incentives.
Annual Performance BonusCEOs often receive an annual performance bonus based on their individual and company's performance. This bonus is tied to predetermined goals, such as revenue growth, profitability, or market share. It serves as a motivating factor for CEOs to achieve exceptional results. - The annual performance bonus can range from 50% to 200% of the CEO's base salary. - It is important to note that the bonus payout is not guaranteed and depends on the achievement of predetermined targets.
Long-Term IncentivesLong-term incentives are designed to align the interests of CEOs with those of shareholders by focusing on sustained company performance over an extended period. These incentives can take various forms, including: - Stock options: CEOs are granted the right to purchase company stock at a specified price within a defined period. - Restricted stock units (RSUs): CEOs receive shares of company stock that vest over time, providing them with ownership stakes. - Performance shares: CEOs are granted shares based on the achievement of specific performance goals.
Retirement and Pension PlansTo provide financial security post-retirement, many companies offer CEOs retirement and pension plans. These plans can include: - 401(k) plans: CEOs can contribute a portion of their salary to a retirement savings account, often with matching contributions from the company. - Defined benefit plans: Companies guarantee CEOs a specific retirement income based on a formula considering factors such as salary and years of service.
Perks and Other BenefitsCEOs often enjoy additional perks and benefits that enhance their overall compensation package. Some common perks include: - Health and life insurance coverage - Executive car and driver - Club memberships - Travel and entertainment allowances - Personal use of company assets, such as aircraft or property It's important to note that the exact job benefits and compensation packages can vary widely depending on the company, industry, and individual negotiations. CEOs of larger companies tend to have more extensive and lucrative packages compared to those of smaller organizations. For more information about CEO salary and compensation packages, you can refer to reputable sources such as: - Glassdoor - PayScale - U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Understanding the job benefits and compensation packages offered to CEOs is essential for both aspiring executives and those looking to benchmark their own packages against industry standards.
Salary Negotiation Strategies for CEOsWhen it comes to negotiating a CEO salary, it's crucial to approach the process with a strategic mindset. As a top executive, you hold a significant amount of responsibility and deserve fair compensation for your skills and expertise. Here are some effective strategies to consider during the negotiation process: Conduct Thorough Research - Research the average CEO salary in your industry and region to gain a clear understanding of what is considered competitive. - Utilize resources like reputable salary surveys, industry publications, and websites such as [insert link to authoritative website] for up-to-date and reliable information. Highlight Your Achievements - Emphasize your track record of success and the value you bring to the organization. Showcase your accomplishments, such as revenue growth, market expansion, or successful mergers and acquisitions. - Demonstrate how your leadership has positively impacted the company's bottom line and positioned it for future success. Justify Your Desired Compensation - Present a strong case for why you believe you deserve the salary you're requesting. Align your desired compensation with your qualifications, experience, and the responsibilities of the CEO role. - Articulate how your expertise will contribute to the organization's growth, sustainability, and overall success. Consider Total Compensation Package - Remember that salary is just one component of your total compensation package. Take into account other perks and benefits such as stock options, bonuses, performance incentives, retirement plans, and health benefits. - Assess the value of these additional benefits and negotiate them alongside your base salary to create a comprehensive package that reflects your worth. Be Prepared for Counteroffers - Anticipate that your current or prospective employer may present counteroffers during the negotiation process. Consider in advance how you will respond to such offers and decide on your limits and non-negotiables. - Remain firm but flexible, and be ready to justify your position if necessary. Seek Professional Guidance - If you are unsure about salary negotiation or want expert advice, consider consulting with a career coach, executive recruiter, or trusted mentor. - These professionals can provide valuable insights, negotiation strategies, and help you navigate the complexities of CEO salary negotiations. Remember, negotiating your CEO salary is not just about monetary compensation but also about establishing your worth as a leader. By following these strategies and being well-prepared, you can increase your chances of securing a fair and competitive salary that aligns with your qualifications and contributions.
Future CEO Salary TrendsAs the business landscape continues to evolve, so do the trends in CEO salaries. In this section, we will explore some key factors that are shaping the future of CEO compensation:
Performance-based PayWith increased shareholder activism and corporate governance reforms, performance-based pay is becoming a prominent feature in CEO compensation packages. Companies are aligning executive pay with their financial performance, tying bonuses and incentives to specific goals and metrics. This trend aims to motivate CEOs to drive better results and create long-term value for shareholders.
Rising Focus on Sustainability and ESGEnvironmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors are gaining significant attention from investors, stakeholders, and regulators. As a result, companies are incorporating ESG criteria into their executive compensation structures. CEOs who demonstrate strong commitment to sustainability and responsible business practices may be rewarded with higher salaries and bonuses, reflecting the growing importance of these factors in corporate decision-making.
Increased Scrutiny and Shareholder InfluenceShareholders are increasingly scrutinizing CEO pay and demanding greater transparency. Proxy advisory firms and institutional investors play a vital role in influencing executive compensation decisions through say-on-pay votes. Companies are under pressure to justify high CEO salaries by demonstrating clear performance metrics and alignment with shareholder interests.
Gender Pay EquityThe issue of gender pay equity has gained significant traction in recent years. With the rise of diversity and inclusion initiatives, there is a growing focus on narrowing the gender pay gap in the C-suite. Companies that actively address this issue may implement strategies to ensure fair CEO compensation regardless of gender, attracting top talent and enhancing their reputation as an inclusive organization.
Technology DisruptionTechnological advancements continue to reshape industries across the globe. CEOs who possess expertise in emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence, blockchain, and data analytics, are in high demand. As the demand for tech-savvy leaders increases, so does the competition for top talent. Consequently, companies may offer higher salaries and attractive incentives to attract CEOs with the required digital acumen.
Shareholder Activism on Executive PayShareholder activism is a powerful force that can influence CEO compensation trends. Activist investors often target companies with excessive CEO pay or perceived misalignment between pay and performance. These activist campaigns can lead to significant changes in executive compensation practices, including reduced salaries, elimination of golden parachutes, or enhanced clawback provisions. As the business environment evolves, so will CEO salaries. By staying informed about these future trends, companies can ensure that their CEO compensation packages remain competitive and aligned with best practices in corporate governance. Remember to consult authoritative sources like Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) or Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) for the most up-to-date information on CEO salary trends.
ResourcesIf you're looking for more information about CEO salaries and related topics, here are some reliable resources to help you expand your knowledge:
- PayScale: PayScale offers comprehensive salary data and tools to understand CEO compensation, including average salaries, bonus information, and other relevant factors.
- Glassdoor: Glassdoor provides insights into CEO salaries based on anonymous employee reviews and ratings, helping you gain an understanding of how CEOs are compensated across different companies.
- U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): The SEC's EDGAR database allows you to access public filings, including annual reports and proxy statements, which often disclose CEO compensation details for publicly traded companies.
- Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS): The BLS provides salary information across various occupations and industries, including top executive positions like CEOs. It offers valuable insights into the median pay and employment trends for CEOs.
Reports and Studies:
- Equilar CEO Pay Trends 2020: Equilar publishes an annual report that analyzes CEO pay trends, shareholder activism, and corporate governance practices, providing a comprehensive overview of CEO compensation in different sectors.
- AFL-CIO Executive Paywatch: This annual report highlights the disparity between CEO compensation and workers' wages, offering insights into CEO-to-worker pay ratios and advocating for fairer pay practices.
- National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD): NACD provides resources and insights on corporate governance, including executive compensation practices. Their website offers publications, events, and education programs to help you stay updated on CEO salary trends.
- WorldatWork: WorldatWork is a leading association for compensation and total rewards professionals. They offer research, certifications, and conferences that cover a wide range of topics, including executive compensation.
CEO Salary: The Bottom LineAfter delving into the intricate details and analyzing various aspects of CEO salary, it is evident that executive compensation remains a topic of great importance and intrigue. Here, we summarize the key takeaways from our exploration, offering a comprehensive conclusion to our discussion:
The Rising CEO Compensation Trend- CEO salaries have experienced a substantial increase over the past few decades, outpacing the wage growth of average workers. - The rising trend in CEO compensation can be attributed to a variety of factors, including increased complexity and global expansion of businesses, heightened competition for top talent, and the influence of shareholder demands.
Performance-Driven Pay Packages- In recent years, there has been a shift towards performance-based pay packages for CEOs. This approach aligns executive remuneration with the company's financial performance and shareholder value creation. - Performance metrics such as revenue growth, profitability, and stock market performance often play a significant role in determining CEO bonuses and long-term incentives.
Industry Disparities- CEO compensation varies significantly across industries. Executives in sectors like technology and finance tend to command higher salaries due to their high-growth potential and the complex nature of their businesses. - On the other hand, industries such as retail and healthcare generally offer lower CEO salaries, as they operate in highly competitive and regulated environments.
The Influence of Company Size- The size of a company plays a crucial role in determining CEO compensation. Larger companies typically offer higher salaries to their top executives due to the complexities involved in managing vast operations and driving growth on a larger scale. - Start-ups and smaller firms, on the other hand, may compensate their CEOs with equity stakes or performance bonuses, allowing them to benefit directly from the company's success.
The Gender Pay Gap- Despite progress in diversity and inclusion initiatives, a significant gender pay gap persists among CEOs. Female CEOs generally earn less than their male counterparts, reflecting ongoing gender disparities across corporate America. - Addressing this gender pay gap is crucial for fostering equality and ensuring fair compensation practices in the executive ranks.
Public Perception and Shareholder Activism- CEO salaries have become a subject of public scrutiny, and excessive executive compensation can lead to negative public perception and backlash from shareholders. - Shareholder activism has emerged as a powerful force in shaping CEO pay practices, as investors increasingly demand transparency, accountability, and alignment between executive pay and company performance. In conclusion, CEO salary remains a complex and multifaceted topic that continues to garner attention. As businesses evolve and face new challenges, it is crucial for organizations to strike a balance between attracting top talent, rewarding performance, and addressing concerns regarding income inequality. By keeping a pulse on industry trends, engaging in responsible governance, and prioritizing fairness, companies can navigate the intricate landscape of CEO compensation while maintaining stakeholder trust and confidence.
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