Radiology Technologist Career Guide 2024

Table of Contents

Radiology Technologist Salary in United States for 2023

Average Annual Salary: $65,140 Hourly Rate: $31.32

Data sourced from the U.S. Department of Labor via the ONET Web API. Updated at December 8, 2023

Best Colleges and Universities for Radiology Technologists in 2023

Best College Majors for Radiology Technologists in 2023

Projected Job Employment for Radiology Technologist:

Estimated YearProjected YearEstimated EmploymentProjected Employment% ChangeProjected Annual Job Opening

Radiology Technologist Career Path Overview

The career path of a Radiology Technologist, often referred to as a Rad Tech, is both exciting and rewarding. As an integral part of the healthcare team, Radiology Technologists employ state-of-the-art imaging techniques to create detailed pictures of the human body, which help doctors diagnose and treat diseases or injuries.

Educational Requirements

To embark on a career as a Radiology Technologist, you'll need to complete certain educational requirements. This typically involves earning an Associate's Degree in Radiologic Technology from an accredited institution. However, some professionals may choose to pursue a Bachelor's Degree for more advanced positions or specialties. Coursework generally includes anatomy, patient positioning, examination techniques, equipment protocols, radiation safety, radiation protection and basic patient care.

Obtaining Licensure and Certification

Once you've completed your education, you'll need to obtain licensure and certification. Most states require radiology technologists to be licensed before they can practice. This usually involves passing a state exam or a national certification exam administered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). Maintaining this certification requires ongoing education to stay up-to-date with advancements in the field.

Entry-Level Positions

After obtaining licensure and certification, you're ready to start your career as a Radiology Technologist. Entry-level positions typically involve working in hospitals, clinics, or diagnostic imaging centers. In these roles, Rad Techs are responsible for preparing patients for procedures, operating imaging equipment, ensuring the quality of images, and adhering to safety protocols to protect themselves and patients from unnecessary radiation exposure.

Continuing Education and Specialization

As you gain experience in your role, you may decide to specialize in a particular area of radiologic technology. Specializations can include Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), Mammography, and others. Pursuing a specialization often involves additional training and certification.

Advanced Positions

With experience and specialized training, Radiology Technologists have the opportunity to advance in their careers. Advanced positions can include Lead Radiology Technologist, Radiology Supervisor, or even Radiology Department Manager. These roles often involve overseeing a team of technologists, ensuring compliance with safety standards, and managing the department's operations. The career path of a Radiology Technologist offers numerous opportunities for growth and development. Whether you're just starting out or looking to advance in your career, there's always a way to further your skills and knowledge in this vital healthcare field.

Radiology Technologist Career Path Education and Training

Becoming a Radiology Technologist involves specific educational and training requirements, which can vary depending on your location and the institution you choose to attend. Here, we will explore in detail what it takes to prepare for this rewarding career.

High School Preparation

If you're considering a career as a Radiology Technologist, it's beneficial to start preparing while still in high school. Taking courses in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology can give you a solid foundation for the coursework you'll encounter in post-secondary education.

Post-Secondary Education

After high school, aspiring Radiology Technologists typically pursue an associate degree in Radiologic Technology or a related field. This program usually lasts two years and provides both classroom instruction and clinical experience. Courses often include anatomy, patient positioning, examination techniques, equipment protocols, radiation safety, radiation protection, and basic patient care. Some individuals may choose to pursue a bachelor's degree in Radiologic Technology or a related field. These programs generally take four years to complete and often offer more advanced training and specialization opportunities.

Certification and Licensing

Upon completion of an accredited radiologic technologist program, graduates are typically required to become certified and licensed before they can practice professionally. In the United States, certification is primarily conducted by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). The certification process involves passing an exam that assesses knowledge and understanding of key areas such as patient care, image production, and radiation protection. Once certified, Radiology Technologists must complete continuing education requirements to maintain their certification. Licensing requirements vary by state but generally involve passing a state examination after obtaining ARRT certification. Some states may also require completion of a background check.

Specialization and Advanced Training

After gaining experience as a general Radiology Technologist, many professionals choose to specialize in a specific area of radiology. This could include areas such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), mammography, or vascular radiology. Specialization usually requires additional training and certification. For example, to specialize in MRI, a Radiology Technologist would need to complete an MRI technologist program and pass the ARRT's MRI certification exam. By understanding the educational and training requirements for a Radiology Technologist career path, you can better prepare for the steps ahead and make informed decisions about your future in this exciting field.

Radiology Technologist Career Path Progression

As a Radiology Technologist, there are numerous avenues you can take to advance your career. The progression in this field is both rewarding and dynamic, offering several opportunities for specialization and growth. Let's delve into the various stages of a Radiology Technologist's career path, from entry-level positions to advanced roles.

Entry-Level Radiologic Technologist

The journey starts with an entry-level role as a Radiologic Technologist. This position typically requires an associate degree in radiologic technology from an accredited program and passing the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) certification exam. As an entry-level professional, your primary responsibilities will include performing diagnostic imaging examinations, such as X-rays, on patients and working closely with Radiologists to interpret the results.

Specialized Radiologic Technologist

As you gain more experience and continue your education, you may choose to specialize in a particular area of radiology. These specializations can include Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), Mammography, or Vascular Sonography, among others. Specialized Radiologic Technologists often earn higher salaries and have more responsibilities, including operating specialized equipment and interpreting more complex imaging results.

Senior Radiologic Technologist

After several years of experience and possibly further education, you may progress to a senior role. Senior Radiologic Technologists often supervise junior staff, manage daily operations in the radiology department, and consult with doctors and other healthcare professionals on more complex cases.

Radiology Department Manager or Director

With substantial experience and leadership skills, a Radiologic Technologist could aspire to become a Radiology Department Manager or Director. These professionals oversee all operations within the radiology department, manage budgets, implement policies, and ensure compliance with healthcare regulations. They also play a key role in strategic planning and staff development within the department.

Education or Research Roles

For those who have a passion for teaching or research, there are opportunities to work in academia or research institutions. These roles could involve developing and delivering educational programs for aspiring radiologic technologists, conducting research in radiologic technology, or contributing to policy development in the field. In conclusion, the career path of a Radiology Technologist is diverse and offers numerous opportunities for progression. Whether you're interested in clinical practice, management, education, or research, there's a pathway for you in this dynamic and rewarding field.

Radiology Technologist Career Path Specializations and Subfields

Radiology technologists have the opportunity to further specialize within the field. The profession offers a variety of subspecialties, each focusing on a different area of radiology. These subfields offer opportunities for technologists to develop unique skills and expertise in specific areas, which can lead to advancement in their careers.

Diagnostic Radiology

Diagnostic radiology is one of the most common specializations in this field. As a diagnostic radiology technologist, you will use imaging equipment such as X-rays and CT (computed tomography) scanners to create detailed images of patients' bodies. This helps physicians diagnose illnesses and injuries. This specialization requires a deep understanding of anatomy and pathology, as well as expertise in operating complex imaging equipment.

Interventional Radiology

Interventional radiology technologists work closely with physicians during minimally invasive procedures that use imaging technology to guide treatment. These technologists operate equipment like fluoroscopes to help physicians visualize the area being treated. This specialization requires advanced technical skills and a high level of precision, as these procedures often involve treating conditions within blood vessels and other delicate areas of the body.

Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear medicine technologists specialize in procedures that involve radioactive substances. They administer radiopharmaceuticals to patients and then use specialized equipment to track the behavior of these substances within the body. This can provide valuable information about organ function and structure, aiding in the diagnosis and treatment of various conditions. This specialization requires knowledge of radiation safety and the ability to handle and administer radioactive materials.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

MRI technologists operate MRI machines, which use magnetic fields and radio waves to produce images of the body's interior. These images can provide detailed information about soft tissues, such as the brain and internal organs. MRI technologists need a thorough understanding of physics and anatomy, as well as the ability to comfort patients who may be anxious about the procedure.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy technologists work with oncology teams to treat cancer patients. They operate machines that deliver targeted radiation to tumors, helping to destroy cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy tissue. This specialization requires a deep understanding of oncology and the principles of radiation therapy. In conclusion, the field of radiology technology offers a wide range of specializations, each with its own unique skill sets and career opportunities. Whether you're interested in diagnostics, interventional procedures, nuclear medicine, MRI, or radiation therapy, there's a path for you in this dynamic and rewarding profession.

Radiology Technologist Career Path Job Market and Outlook

The career market for Radiology Technologists is poised for growth, with the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projecting a 7% increase in job opportunities from 2019 to 2029. This growth rate is faster than the average for all occupations, making it a promising field for those interested in healthcare and technology. Key drivers of this growth include an aging population that may require more medical imaging procedures and advances in imaging technologies. As the technology evolves, so does the demand for skilled professionals who can operate and interpret these sophisticated machines.

Job Opportunities

There are numerous job opportunities for Radiology Technologists in various healthcare settings. These professionals are needed in hospitals, outpatient care centers, physicians' offices, and medical and diagnostic laboratories. Some technologists may also find employment opportunities in academic institutions where they assist in research or serve as instructors. Specializing in a specific type of diagnostic imaging could open up even more job opportunities. For instance, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technologists or computed tomography (CT) technologists may have more specialized roles and potentially higher pay.

Career Advancement

Radiology Technologists have several avenues for career advancement. With additional education and certification, they can specialize in different types of imaging such as mammography, bone densitometry, or vascular sonography. Others may choose to move into supervisory or administrative roles within radiology departments. Some technologists choose to advance their careers by becoming a Radiologist Assistant, a role that allows them to work under the direct supervision of a radiologist performing more complex imaging procedures.

Salary Outlook

The salary outlook for Radiology Technologists is also favorable. According to the BLS, the median annual wage for radiologic technologists was $62,280 in May 2020. Pay can vary depending on factors like the technologist’s level of experience, geographic location, and the type of healthcare facility. In conclusion, the job market and outlook for Radiology Technologists is promising. With the potential for growth, diverse job opportunities, avenues for career advancement, and competitive salaries, it is an excellent career path for those interested in the intersection of healthcare and technology.

Radiology Technologist Career Path Salary and Compensation

As a vital part of the medical community, Radiology Technologists are rewarded with competitive salaries and benefits. These healthcare professionals are in high demand and their compensation reflects their importance in the diagnostic process.

Entry-Level Salary

The starting salary for a Radiology Technologist can vary depending on location, education level, and facility type. However, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual wage for entry-level positions was approximately $52,000 as of May 2020.

Mid-Level Salary

With experience and continued professional development, a Radiology Technologist's salary can increase significantly. The BLS reports that the median annual wage for this occupation was $62,280 as of May 2020. Those in the top 10 percent earned more than $89,760.

Advanced-Level Salary

Advanced Radiology Technologists who have specialized skills or have moved into supervisory roles can expect even higher salaries. Professionals with advanced certifications or working in specialized fields like interventional radiology or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can earn upwards of $90,000 annually.

Additional Compensation

Beyond base salary, Radiology Technologists may also receive additional compensation such as overtime pay, bonuses, and profit-sharing opportunities. Many employers also offer comprehensive benefit packages including health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off.

Factors Influencing Salary

Several factors can influence a Radiology Technologist's salary. These include geographical location, the type of healthcare facility, years of experience, level of education, certifications held, and specialty areas. For instance, those working in metropolitan areas or at large hospitals often earn more than their counterparts in rural areas or smaller clinics. As with any career, the path of a Radiology Technologist involves continuous learning and professional growth. Obtaining additional certifications or specializing in a specific area of radiology can open up opportunities for increased compensation and career advancement. It's also worth noting that the demand for Radiology Technologists is projected to grow 7% from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations according to BLS. This growth in demand translates to more job opportunities and potentially higher wages for these skilled healthcare professionals. In conclusion, a career as a Radiology Technologist offers competitive compensation, opportunities for professional growth, and the satisfaction of playing a critical role in patient care.

Radiology Technologist Career Path Tips for Success

As a Radiology Technologist, your journey doesn't end at gaining your qualification and landing your first job. There's a whole career path ahead of you, offering numerous opportunities for growth and advancement. To navigate this path successfully, you need to be strategic and proactive. Here are some tips that can help you thrive in this field.

Continuing Education

The field of radiology is constantly evolving, with new technologies and techniques being introduced regularly. Staying updated with these changes is crucial for success. Many states require Radiology Technologists to undergo a certain amount of continuing education to maintain their licensure. Even if it's not required, it's highly beneficial to pursue additional training and certifications. This will not only help you stay current in your field but also make you a more valuable asset to your employer.


Radiology Technologists have the opportunity to specialize in various areas such as mammography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and more. Specializing can increase your earning potential and open doors to more advanced roles. Keep in mind that each specialization requires its own certification, which usually involves additional education and passing an exam.


Building a strong professional network can significantly boost your career prospects. Attend industry conferences, join professional associations like the American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT), and connect with peers and mentors in the field. Networking can provide you with valuable insights, opportunities for collaboration, and even job leads.

Soft Skills Development

While technical skills are crucial in radiology, don't underestimate the importance of soft skills. Communication skills, for instance, are vital as you'll need to explain procedures to patients and discuss results with physicians. Empathy is also important because you'll be dealing with patients who may be anxious or in pain. Other useful soft skills include problem-solving, attention to detail, and the ability to work as part of a team.

Seeking Advancement Opportunities

Don't be content with staying in one position for too long. Seek opportunities for advancement within your organization or elsewhere. This could mean moving into a supervisory role, working in a more specialized area of radiology, or even transitioning into an education or administrative role. Remember, the pathway to success in the Radiology Technologist career is not always straightforward. It requires continuous learning, adaptability, networking, and a proactive approach to seeking opportunities. By following these tips, you can carve out a rewarding and successful career in this dynamic field.

What is a Radiology Technologist?

A Radiology Technologist, also known as a Radiologic Technologist or Rad Tech, is a medical professional who performs diagnostic imaging examinations on patients. This can include X-rays, computed tomography (CT scans), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and mammography. These healthcare professionals are essential in the identification and treatment of illnesses and injuries.

What does a Radiology Technologist do?

Radiology Technologists play a vital role in patient care by operating radiologic and magnetic imaging equipment to create diagnostic images. They work closely with radiologists, prepare patients for procedures, maintain and operate imaging equipment, and ensure the safety of patients during the imaging process. Additionally, they may administer nonradioactive materials into a patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes.

What education is needed to become a Radiology Technologist?

The path to becoming a Radiology Technologist typically involves completing a postsecondary educational program in radiologic technology. Most of these programs lead to an associate's degree, but bachelor's degrees are also available. Programs often include both classroom study and clinical training. Upon completion of their education, technologists must also pass a certification exam administered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) to be certified and registered.

What skills are needed to become a Radiology Technologist?

To excel in this field, a Radiology Technologist should have strong technical skills to operate complex machinery. They also need excellent patient care skills as they interact directly with patients who may be in discomfort or anxious about the procedure. Attention to detail, physical stamina, and the ability to work as part of a healthcare team are also crucial. Furthermore, they must possess strong problem-solving skills to adjust the equipment as needed to get the best image possible for diagnosis.

What is the job outlook for a Radiology Technologist?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of Radiologic Technologists is projected to grow 7% from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. As the population grows older, there will be an increase in medical conditions that require imaging as a tool for making diagnoses. This implies that the demand for Radiology Technologists will continue to rise in the foreseeable future.

What is the potential career advancement for a Radiology Technologist?

With additional education and certifications, a Radiology Technologist can advance into specialized areas such as computed tomography, mammography, bone densitometry, and magnetic resonance imaging. Some technologists advance by moving into managerial positions or by becoming instructors or directors in radiologic technology programs. Another potential career path could be transitioning into a sales or marketing role for radiologic equipment manufacturers.