Orthoptist Career Guide 2024

Table of Contents

Orthoptist Salary in United States for 2023

Average Annual Salary: $106,230 Hourly Rate: $51.07

Data sourced from the U.S. Department of Labor via the ONET Web API. Updated at December 8, 2023

Best College Majors for Orthoptists in 2023

Projected Job Employment for Orthoptist:

Estimated YearProjected YearEstimated EmploymentProjected Employment% ChangeProjected Annual Job Opening

Orthoptist Career Path Overview

Orthoptists are healthcare professionals who specialize in diagnosing and managing disorders related to eye movements and vision development. The career path of an Orthoptist is rewarding, offering an opportunity to make significant contributions to improving patients' quality of life. This section provides an in-depth overview of the Orthoptist career path, including the necessary educational background, skills, job prospects, and potential professional advancements.

Educational Background

The journey to becoming an Orthoptist begins with obtaining a bachelor's degree, preferably in a science-related field such as Biology or Physiology. However, the most critical step is completing a specialized Orthoptic training program accredited by the American Orthoptic Council (AOC) or equivalent bodies in other countries. These programs typically span two years and involve both theoretical learning and clinical practice. Upon completion of the program, candidates must pass a certification examination administered by the AOC or its international counterparts to become certified Orthoptists. Some Orthoptists also choose to pursue further specialization through advanced degrees or research.

Essential Skills for an Orthoptist

Orthoptists require a unique blend of skills. They need strong analytical skills to accurately diagnose conditions and devise suitable treatment plans. Excellent communication skills are necessary for effectively explaining complex medical information to patients and their families. Furthermore, they should have good manual dexterity for conducting delicate procedures, along with patience and empathy when dealing with patients who may be anxious or distressed.

Job Prospects and Growth

The demand for Orthoptists has been growing steadily due to an aging population susceptible to eye disorders. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the employment of healthcare occupations is projected to grow 15% from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. As a niche field within healthcare, Orthoptists may expect favorable job prospects. Orthoptists can find employment in various settings, including hospitals, private practices, vision therapy clinics, and research institutions. Some Orthoptists also work in academic settings, teaching future professionals in the field.

Professional Advancement

Professional advancement for Orthoptists often involves specialization in a specific area of eye care, such as pediatric orthoptics or neuro-orthoptics. This often requires additional training and experience. Orthoptists can also advance by taking on more administrative or managerial roles within their workplaces. For those interested in academia, progression may involve conducting research or teaching in higher education institutions. Additionally, becoming a member of professional associations, like the American Association of Certified Orthoptists (AACO), can provide networking opportunities and access to continuing education resources, further aiding career advancement. In conclusion, the career path of an Orthoptist is multi-faceted and offers numerous opportunities for growth and specialization. It's a profession that combines medical knowledge with the ability to make a tangible difference in people's lives.

Orthoptist Career Path Education and Training

Embarking on a career as an Orthoptist requires a specific set of education and training. The journey involves multiple steps, beginning with a robust foundation in science during your undergraduate studies, followed by specialized training in orthoptics. It's important to remember that this is a highly specialized field, so the training required is quite rigorous and specific.

Undergraduate Education

Aspiring orthoptists typically begin their educational journey by obtaining a bachelor’s degree in a field related to healthcare or science. While there is no specific undergraduate major required to become an orthoptist, a background in biology, chemistry, or health sciences can provide a strong foundation for later specialized studies. During this period, students gain essential knowledge about the human body, medical terminology, and basic patient care.

Orthoptic Programs

Upon completion of an undergraduate degree, prospective orthoptists must then enroll in an accredited orthoptic program. These are typically two-year programs that provide both theoretical knowledge and practical training in the field of orthoptics. The curriculum typically includes detailed study of ocular anatomy, physiology, neurology, pediatric ophthalmology, and binocular vision disorders.

Clinical Training

One of the crucial aspects of an orthoptic program is the hands-on clinical training. Students are usually required to complete internships or clinical rotations under the supervision of experienced orthoptists or ophthalmologists. This real-world experience allows students to apply their theoretical knowledge to practical situations, honing their skills in diagnosing and treating eye movement disorders and improving patient care.


After successfully completing an accredited orthoptic program, individuals are then eligible to take the certification examination administered by the American Orthoptic Council (AOC). This certification is crucial for practicing as an orthoptist in the United States. The exam tests both theoretical knowledge and practical skills, ensuring that certified orthoptists are fully equipped to provide high-quality patient care.

Continued Education and Training

The field of orthoptics is continually evolving with new research and technological advancements. Therefore, even after becoming certified, orthoptists must commit to ongoing learning to stay updated with the latest developments in the field. This may involve attending workshops, seminars, or additional courses. Many professional organizations offer continued education opportunities for practicing orthoptists.

In summary, the education and training pathway to becoming an orthoptist is a rigorous one, requiring a commitment to continuous learning. However, for those passionate about improving eye health and helping patients lead better lives, it's a rewarding career with plenty of opportunities for professional growth.

Orthoptist Career Path Progression

The career path of an Orthoptist is marked by a well-structured progression that offers several opportunities for professional growth and specialization. This path begins with the foundational education and training, followed by initial clinical experience, further specialization, and finally, leadership positions.

Educational Foundations

All aspiring Orthoptists must begin their career path with a strong educational foundation. This usually involves obtaining a Bachelor’s degree in a science-related field, such as biology or health sciences. Following undergraduate studies, prospective Orthoptists must pursue a Master's degree in Orthoptics or a related field. These programs provide the necessary theoretical knowledge and practical skills to excel in this profession.

Clinical Experience

After completing formal education, gaining clinical experience is the next crucial step in the Orthoptist career path. This stage typically involves working under the supervision of experienced Orthoptists or Ophthalmologists in hospitals, clinics, or private practices. During this time, one can gain hands-on experience in diagnosing and treating visual disorders, thereby solidifying their clinical skills.

Specialization and Certification

Once you have gained sufficient clinical experience, the next step in the Orthoptist career path is specialization and certification. Specialization allows you to focus on specific areas of interest within orthoptics such as pediatric orthoptics, neuro-ophthalmology, or ocular motility disorders. To achieve specialization, additional training and sometimes further education may be required. In many countries, certification is an essential requirement to practice as an Orthoptist. For instance, in the U.S., Orthoptists must pass the American Orthoptic Council (AOC) certification exam to become a Certified Orthoptist (CO).

Leadership Roles

As an experienced and certified Orthoptist, you can progress to leadership roles. These positions can be within a medical team or an administrative role in a hospital or clinic. Leadership roles may involve supervising junior Orthoptists, managing a team of healthcare professionals, or overseeing the operations of an orthoptic department. In conclusion, the Orthoptist career path offers a clear progression from education to leadership roles. Each stage provides an opportunity for learning, growth, and specialization, making it a rewarding and fulfilling career choice for those interested in eye health and vision care.

Orthoptist Career Path Specializations and Subfields

The field of orthoptics is complex and diverse, with a range of subfields and specializations that allow orthoptists to focus on specific areas of interest. These various specializations are designed to offer comprehensive care to patients with a wide range of eye and vision problems. This section will delve into the key specializations within the orthoptist career path.

Pediatric Orthoptics

Pediatric Orthoptics is a significant subfield in this career path. Orthoptists in this specialization work primarily with children, diagnosing and treating visual disorders that can impact growth and development. These could include conditions like strabismus (crossed or turned eyes), amblyopia (lazy eye), and other congenital or developmental eye abnormalities. Professionals in this field must have excellent communication skills to connect effectively with children and explain complex medical information to their parents or caregivers.


Neuro-Orthoptics focuses on the relationship between neurological conditions and vision. Orthoptists in this specialization work closely with neurologists and neurosurgeons, providing essential support in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of neurological disorders that affect vision, such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, brain injury, or tumors. They are also involved in the rehabilitation process, helping patients recover their visual capabilities post-treatment.

Ophthalmic Photography

Another fascinating subfield within the orthoptist career path is Ophthalmic Photography. This specialty involves the use of specialized equipment to capture detailed images of the eye's interior and exterior structures. These images are crucial in diagnosing conditions like glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinal detachment, and diabetic retinopathy. Orthoptists specializing in this area need a combination of medical knowledge and technical proficiency to produce high-quality diagnostic images.

Research Orthoptics

The subfield of Research Orthoptics is for those who are interested in advancing knowledge and techniques in the field. These professionals contribute to the development of new diagnostic tools, treatment methods, and preventive measures for various eye disorders. They conduct studies, analyze data, and publish their findings in scientific journals. A career in research often requires additional education and training beyond the standard orthoptist qualifications.

Teaching and Education

Finally, Teaching and Education is a critical area within the orthoptist career path. Experienced orthoptists often have opportunities to teach the next generation of professionals in university settings or provide continuing education for practicing orthoptists. This subfield requires a deep understanding of orthoptic principles and practices, as well as strong communication and mentoring skills. In summary, the orthoptist career path offers a variety of specializations that cater to different interests and skills. Whether working directly with patients, capturing detailed images of the eye, conducting research, or educating others, there's a rewarding career path in orthoptics for every professional inclination.

Orthoptist Career Path Job Market and Outlook

The job market for Orthoptists is continually evolving, with a growing emphasis on specialization and the use of advanced technologies. This career path is particularly appealing due to its potential for growth, the opportunity to make a significant difference in patients' lives, and the increasing demand for eye care professionals. The aging population is a significant driver of demand for Orthoptists. As people age, they are more likely to experience vision problems that require expert assessment and treatment. This demographic trend, combined with a general increase in awareness about eye health, is expected to boost the job market for Orthoptists in the coming years. In addition to an aging population, advancements in technology are also playing a role in shaping the Orthoptist job market. The development of new diagnostic tools and treatment methods requires professionals who are well-versed in their use. As such, Orthoptists who stay abreast of technological advances and continue their education throughout their careers will be best positioned to take advantage of emerging job opportunities. However, it's important to note that the Orthoptist career path can be competitive. In many regions, there are limited numbers of training programs available, which can make entry into the field challenging. Aspiring Orthoptists may need to be prepared to relocate for training or job opportunities. Despite this potential challenge, the outlook for Orthoptists remains positive. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of healthcare occupations is projected to grow 15% from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. While this data isn't specific to Orthoptists, it's indicative of the strong demand for healthcare professionals. In summary, the job market and outlook for Orthoptists appear promising. With an aging population and advancements in technology driving demand, those willing to stay updated with industry developments and pursue continuous learning will likely find ample opportunities in this rewarding career path.

Orthoptist Career Path Salary and Compensation

As a rewarding medical profession, Orthoptists not only gain immense job satisfaction by helping individuals improve their vision and quality of life but also enjoy competitive salaries and benefits. It's important to note that the salary and compensation for Orthoptists can vary greatly depending on several factors such as geographic location, years of experience, level of education, and area of specialization.

Starting Salary for Orthoptists

Individuals who are new to the Orthoptist profession can expect a starting salary that is generally lower compared to their more experienced counterparts. According to several salary surveys, the median starting salary for Orthoptists in the United States ranges between $45,000 and $55,000 annually. However, with the accumulation of experience and skills over time, there is ample room for salary growth in this field.

Mid-career Salary for Orthoptists

With several years of experience under their belt, mid-career Orthoptists typically see a significant increase in their annual earnings. According to Payscale, the median salary for mid-career Orthoptists is approximately $70,000 to $80,000 per annum. Furthermore, these professionals often have the opportunity to specialize in specific areas of orthoptics, which can lead to even higher salaries.

Senior-Level Salary for Orthoptists

Senior-level Orthoptists who possess extensive experience and advanced skills can earn well above the average salary range. The upper echelon of Orthoptist salaries can reach up to $100,000 or more annually. These professionals often hold leadership positions within hospitals or private practices and may even teach or conduct research in addition to their clinical duties.

Additional Compensation and Benefits

In addition to a competitive base salary, many Orthoptists also receive additional benefits and compensation. This may include health insurance, retirement plans, paid time off, and continuing education allowances. Some employers may also offer bonus structures or profit-sharing schemes, further enhancing the earning potential for Orthoptists. Overall, a career as an Orthoptist can be both personally rewarding and financially lucrative. As the demand for vision care continues to grow, so too does the potential for Orthoptists to advance in their careers and increase their earning potential. As with all professions, it's important for those considering this career path to conduct thorough research and understand the various factors that can influence salary and compensation.

Orthoptist Career Path Tips for Success

As an Orthoptist, you have a unique role in the eye care industry. Your expertise in diagnosing and treating disorders related to eye movements and coordination is crucial. However, to thrive in this career, it's not enough to simply have the qualifications and skills. Here are some tips to help you pave a successful path in the field of Orthoptics.

Continuous Education

Orthoptics, like any other medical field, is constantly evolving with new research and advancements in technology. Therefore, continuous education is key to stay relevant and competent. Attend seminars, workshops, and conferences relevant to Orthoptics. Consider pursuing advanced degrees or certifications that can further enhance your skills and broaden your knowledge.


Establishing strong professional relationships can open up opportunities for career advancement. Join professional organizations related to Orthoptics such as the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) or the British and Irish Orthoptic Society (BIOS). These platforms provide opportunities to connect with other professionals in your field, exchange ideas, and stay informed about industry trends.

Developing Soft Skills

While technical skills are vital for an Orthoptist, soft skills are equally important. Excellent communication skills can help in explaining complex medical terms to patients in a simple, understandable manner. Patience is another crucial trait as some treatments require multiple sessions over a period of time. Additionally, empathy can go a long way in making patients feel comfortable and understood.

Staying Updated with Technology

Modern Orthoptics is heavily reliant on technology. Be it diagnostic tools or treatment methods, technological advancements play a significant role. Familiarize yourself with the latest tools and software used in the field. This not only makes your job easier but also improves the accuracy of diagnosis and efficiency of treatment.


Actively participating in research related to Orthoptics can significantly contribute to your career growth. It helps you stay at the forefront of the field, adds value to your resume, and might even lead to groundbreaking discoveries that can revolutionize the industry. Remember, success doesn't come overnight. It requires consistent effort, dedication, and a passion for what you do. With these tips in mind, you can navigate your Orthoptist career path more effectively and achieve the success you aspire.

What is an Orthoptist?

An Orthoptist is a healthcare professional who specializes in diagnosing and managing eye disorders related to eye movement and alignment, such as strabismus (crossed eyes) and amblyopia (lazy eye). Their work primarily focuses on non-surgical interventions and they often work alongside ophthalmologists in a clinical setting.

What does an Orthoptist do?

Orthoptists play a critical role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of visual system disorders, particularly those impacting eye alignment and movement. They conduct a variety of diagnostic tests and assessments to identify issues such as double vision, depth perception problems, or binocular vision disorders. Orthoptists also develop and implement therapeutic treatment plans which may include exercises, prism glasses, or occlusion therapy.

What are the educational requirements to become an Orthoptist?

The path to becoming an Orthoptist begins with a bachelor's degree in a relevant field such as biology, health science, or pre-med studies. Following this, aspiring Orthoptists must complete an accredited orthoptic fellowship program, which typically lasts two years. Upon completion of the fellowship, individuals must pass the certifying exam conducted by the American Orthoptic Council (AOC) to become a certified Orthoptist.

What skills are needed to be successful as an Orthoptist?

Successful Orthoptists possess a diverse set of skills. Strong analytical skills are crucial for interpreting diagnostic tests and formulating treatment plans. Excellent communication skills are also vital for explaining complex medical information to patients and their families. Additionally, manual dexterity, attention to detail, and patience are required when performing precise visual assessments and administering treatments.

Where can an Orthoptist work?

Orthoptists often find employment in varied healthcare settings. These include hospitals, ophthalmology clinics, and vision care centers. Some Orthoptists may also work in research or academic settings, contributing to the advancement of knowledge in the field and educating future generations of Orthoptists.

What is the career outlook for an Orthoptist?

The demand for Orthoptists is expected to grow in the coming years. This is largely due to an aging population with a higher prevalence of eye-related conditions that require specialist care. Additionally, advances in diagnostic technology and non-surgical treatments are expanding the scope of orthoptic practice, leading to increased employment opportunities in this field.

What is the average salary for an Orthoptist?

The average salary for an Orthoptist can vary depending on factors such as location, level of experience, and the type of healthcare setting. However, according to Payscale, as of 2021, the median annual wage for Orthoptists in the United States was approximately $70,000. With advanced experience and specialization, Orthoptists can potentially earn a higher salary.

What are the opportunities for advancement in an Orthoptist career?

With experience and continued education, Orthoptists can advance their careers in several ways. They may choose to specialize in a particular area of orthoptics, such as pediatric orthoptics or neuro-orthoptics. Others may move into research or academic roles, contributing to the development of new treatments and teaching upcoming professionals in the field. Leadership roles in clinical settings also provide an avenue for career progression.