Lawyer Career Guide 2024

Table of Contents

Lawyer Salary in United States for 2023

Average Annual Salary: $135,740 Hourly Rate: $65.26

Data sourced from the U.S. Department of Labor via the ONET Web API. Updated at December 8, 2023

Best Colleges and Universities for Lawyers in 2023

Best College Majors for Lawyers in 2023

Projected Job Employment for Lawyer:

Estimated YearProjected YearEstimated EmploymentProjected Employment% ChangeProjected Annual Job Opening

Lawyer Career Path Overview

The career path of a lawyer is an exciting journey that demands intellectual prowess, strong analytical skills, and an unwavering commitment to justice. This path is typically marked by several key milestones, including education, licensure, professional experience, and specialization.


The first step on the lawyer career path is typically to obtain a bachelor's degree. While law schools don't require any particular undergraduate major, courses in English, public speaking, government, history, economics, and mathematics can be beneficial. After completing an undergraduate degree, aspiring lawyers must attend law school. Law school generally takes three years to complete and culminates in a Juris Doctor (JD) degree. During law school, students study various areas of law including constitutional law, contract law, property law, criminal law, civil procedure, and legal writing. They also gain practical skills through moot court competitions, law clinics, and internships.


Upon graduation from law school, individuals must pass the bar exam in the jurisdiction where they intend to practice. The bar exam is a rigorous test of knowledge and understanding of the law. Passing the bar exam is a prerequisite for practicing law in any U.S. state. In addition to passing the bar exam, lawyers must also pass a character and fitness review to demonstrate their ethical standards.

Professional Experience

Gaining professional experience is an essential part of the lawyer career path. Many lawyers begin their careers as associates at law firms, where they assist more experienced lawyers and work on a variety of cases. Over time, associates can become partners in the firm or choose to open their own private practice. Lawyers may also work in public service roles such as prosecutors or public defenders. Alternatively, they may choose to work for corporations, non-profit organizations or government agencies. Each of these roles provides different opportunities for professional growth and specialization.


As lawyers gain experience, they often choose to specialize in a specific area of law. This could be anything from intellectual property law to family law, criminal law, environmental law, or tax law. Specialization allows lawyers to develop deep expertise in a particular area, which can enhance their career prospects and earning potential. In summary, the lawyer career path is a challenging but rewarding journey that requires extensive education, licensure, and professional experience. As lawyers progress in their careers, they have the opportunity to specialize and make significant contributions to their field and society.

Lawyer Career Path Education and Training

The path to becoming a lawyer is extensive and requires substantial dedication, both in terms of time and financial investment. This section aims to offer a comprehensive overview of the education and training required to pursue a career in law.

Step 1: Bachelor's Degree

The first step towards becoming a lawyer is earning a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution. While there is no specific pre-law major, aspiring lawyers often major in fields such as political science, history, philosophy or English to develop critical thinking, research, and writing skills. Other students may choose business or economics to gain insights into the corporate world. Regardless of the major chosen, it is crucial that students maintain a high GPA to increase their chances of admission into law school.

Step 2: Law School Admission Test (LSAT)

Before applying to law schools, most students will need to take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). The LSAT measures reading comprehension, analytical reasoning, and logical reasoning. A high score on the LSAT can significantly enhance a student's law school application.

Step 3: Juris Doctor (JD) Degree

Upon successful completion of an undergraduate degree and the LSAT, students can apply to law school. Law school typically takes three years to complete and leads to a Juris Doctor (JD) degree. The curriculum includes coursework in constitutional law, contracts, property law, civil procedure, and legal writing. Students also have the opportunity to participate in clinical experiences to gain practical skills.

Step 4: Bar Examination

After earning a JD degree, graduates must pass the bar examination in the state where they wish to practice. The bar exam tests knowledge of the law and its application. Most states also require applicants to pass a separate ethics exam known as the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE).

Continuing Legal Education (CLE)

Once licensed, lawyers are required to meet Continuing Legal Education (CLE) requirements to stay updated with changes in the law. The specific requirements vary by state, but typically involve a certain number of hours every one to three years.

Specialization and Advanced Degrees

Some lawyers may choose to specialize in a particular area of law, such as tax, intellectual property, or family law. Specialization often requires additional education and certification. Additionally, some lawyers may pursue advanced degrees such as a Master of Laws (LL.M) or a Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D) for academic or specialized practice purposes. In conclusion, the path to becoming a lawyer is rigorous and demanding, requiring significant educational attainment and professional training. However, for those with a passion for law and a commitment to justice, it can be a rewarding and fulfilling career.

Lawyer Career Path Progression

In the legal field, career progression is often a long-term commitment requiring substantial time, dedication, and hard work. The path to becoming a lawyer begins with obtaining a bachelor's degree, proceeding to law school to earn a Juris Doctor (JD), passing the bar exam, and then seeking employment in the legal industry. However, the journey doesn't end there.

Entry-Level Positions

Upon passing the bar exam, most lawyers start in entry-level positions, such as associates in law firms. As an associate, you'll have the opportunity to gain valuable experience by working on various cases, honing your skills in legal research and writing, client relations, negotiation tactics, and trial preparation. These positions provide a solid foundation for understanding the practical aspects of law that aren't taught in law school.

Middle-Level Positions

With several years of experience under their belt, lawyers can progress to middle-level positions. At this stage, they might become senior associates or partners in a law firm or move into in-house counsel roles at corporations. Lawyers may also choose to specialize in a particular area of law, such as corporate law, criminal law, or family law. Specialization usually involves additional education and certification but can lead to higher earning potential and more prestigious roles.

Senior-Level Positions

At the senior level, lawyers can aspire to become managing partners of their law firms or general counsels of large corporations. They may also transition into judiciary roles as judges or magistrates after gaining substantial experience in the field. In these positions, lawyers have the opportunity to shape legal policies and contribute significantly to the legal landscape.

Continuing Education and Certification

Continued learning is crucial for career advancement in law. Lawyers must stay updated with changes in laws and regulations. Many states also require lawyers to complete continuing legal education (CLE) to maintain their licensure. Besides, obtaining certifications in specialized areas of law, such as Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP) for privacy law or Board Certification in Family Law, can boost a lawyer's career prospects.

Alternative Career Paths

Not all individuals who earn a law degree end up practicing law. The skills and knowledge acquired from a legal education can be applied in various other fields. Many lawyers transition into roles in business, politics, academia, or non-profit organizations. Others may choose to use their expertise to become legal consultants, arbitrators, mediators, or legal educators. In conclusion, the lawyer career path progression is multifaceted and dynamic, offering numerous opportunities for growth and specialization. With dedication and continued learning, lawyers can shape their careers according to their interests and aspirations.

Lawyer Career Path Specializations and Subfields

As a versatile and dynamic profession, law offers a plethora of specializations and subfields. This diversity allows lawyers to focus their expertise in specific areas that align with their interests, skills, and career goals.

Criminal Law

Criminal law is one of the most well-known legal specialties. Criminal lawyers can work either as prosecutors representing the state or as defense attorneys representing individuals or organizations accused of a crime. This specialization requires a deep understanding of criminal statutes, rules of evidence, and constitutional rights.

Family Law

Family lawyers deal with issues related to family relationships such as divorce, child custody, adoption, and domestic violence. They may represent clients in court proceedings or in negotiations. This subfield requires strong interpersonal skills due to the emotional nature of cases.

Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual property lawyers handle issues related to protecting intellectual property rights. They work with patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets. These lawyers are often needed in industries like tech, entertainment, publishing, and other creative fields.

Corporate Law

Corporate lawyers, also known as business lawyers, advise corporations on their legal rights, obligations, and privileges. They deal with issues like contracts, mergers and acquisitions, corporate governance, and compliance with federal and state laws.

Environmental Law

Environmental lawyers work on cases involving environmental regulations and disputes. They represent clients in matters related to pollution control, land use, natural resources conservation, and sustainability.

Immigration Law

Immigration lawyers guide individuals and families through the process of obtaining legal status in a country other than their own. They handle cases ranging from visa applications to deportation defense.

Personal Injury Law

Personal injury lawyers represent individuals who have been physically or psychologically injured due to the negligence of another person or entity. They help their clients secure compensation for their injuries.

Real Estate Law

Real estate lawyers oversee all legal aspects of buying, selling, and owning real estate. They deal with matters like contracts, deeds, property taxes, and zoning issues. Each of these specializations offers a unique set of challenges and rewards. Depending on the subfield, lawyers may find themselves working in diverse settings – from courtrooms to corporate boardrooms, government agencies to non-profit organizations. They can build a rewarding career by choosing a path that aligns with their passion and expertise.

Lawyer Career Path Job Market and Outlook

The job market for lawyers is both challenging and rewarding, offering a myriad of opportunities for growth and specialization. This profession is characterized by intense competition due to the increasing number of law school graduates each year. Yet, it also provides numerous prospects in various sectors, such as corporate law, criminal law, environmental law, intellectual property law, and many more.

Trends Influencing the Job Market

The legal profession continues to evolve in response to societal changes and technological advancements. For instance, the rise of digital technology has led to an increase in demand for lawyers specializing in cybersecurity and data privacy. Similarly, environmental concerns and sustainability issues have spurred growth in environmental law. Furthermore, globalization has brought about complex international business transactions and disputes, leading to a need for lawyers proficient in international law. These trends indicate that the job market for lawyers is not only vibrant but also versatile, adapting to the changing needs of society.

Job Outlook for Lawyers

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment for lawyers is projected to grow 4 percent from 2019 to 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Despite this modest growth rate, it's important to note that job opportunities may vary depending on geographical location and area of specialization. For instance, urban areas with a high concentration of businesses, government agencies, and law firms generally offer more job opportunities compared to rural areas. Similarly, areas of law that are in high demand such as healthcare, intellectual property, environmental law, and cybersecurity may provide better job prospects.

Competition in the Legal Profession

The legal field is notoriously competitive. Law school graduates often outnumber available positions, resulting in a highly competitive job market. This competition can be particularly intense in prestigious law firms and for positions within the federal government. However, despite the competitive nature of the field, there are strategies to increase your chances of success. These include gaining practical experience through internships or clerkships, networking with professionals in the field, and specializing in an area of law that is in high demand.

Preparing for a Successful Legal Career

In order to succeed in this competitive field, aspiring lawyers need to be well-prepared and strategic. This includes pursuing a quality education, gaining practical experience, passing the bar exam, and continuously learning and adapting to changes in the legal landscape. Moreover, developing skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, excellent communication, and a strong ethical compass are crucial for a successful legal career. By understanding the job market and outlook for lawyers, you can better prepare for your journey in this challenging but rewarding profession.

Lawyer Career Path Salary and Compensation

The legal profession is known for its potentially high earning potential, but it's important to understand that salaries can vary greatly depending on a multitude of factors. These factors include location, area of specialization, years of experience, and the type of law practiced.

Entry-Level Salaries

For those just embarking on their lawyer career path, the average entry-level salary can range widely. According to the National Association for Law Placement, entry-level lawyers working in public service roles such as public defenders or district attorneys generally start with salaries around $50,000 to $60,000 annually. However, entry-level lawyers at large corporate law firms can expect a starting salary closer to $190,000 per year.

Mid-Level Salaries

As lawyers gain experience and establish themselves in their field, their earning potential increases. Mid-level lawyers working in the private sector can expect to earn between $120,000 and $200,000 per year on average. This range is dependent on their area of expertise and the size of the firm they work for. Mid-level lawyers in the public sector typically earn less than their private sector counterparts, with salaries ranging from $70,000 to $120,000 per year.

Senior-Level Salaries

Senior-level lawyers or partners in law firms can earn significantly more than their less experienced colleagues. In larger corporate law firms, partners can often earn over $1 million annually. However, it's crucial to note that becoming a partner involves considerable work and dedication over many years.

Factors Influencing Lawyer Salaries

Several factors influence lawyer salaries apart from experience. One major factor is the area of law practiced. For example, lawyers specializing in corporate law or intellectual property often earn more than those specializing in family or criminal law. Geographical location also plays a role in compensation. Lawyers working in metropolitan areas with a high cost of living, such as New York City or San Francisco, generally earn more than those practicing in smaller towns or rural areas. Finally, the type of employer can influence a lawyer's salary. Those working for large corporate law firms or in-house legal departments of large companies often earn more than lawyers in smaller firms or those working for non-profit organizations. It's worth noting that while the earning potential for lawyers can be substantial, so too can the costs associated with becoming a lawyer. The path to this career often involves significant educational expenses and potential student loan debt. Therefore, it's important to consider potential return on investment when considering a career in law.

Lawyer Career Path Tips for Success

When contemplating a career in law, it's essential to understand the necessary steps and strategies that can help you achieve success. Below, we delve into some practical tips that will guide you on your journey to becoming a successful lawyer.

Educational Qualifications

To become a lawyer, you must first earn a bachelor's degree from a recognized university. While there's no specific major required, courses in English, public speaking, government, history, economics, and mathematics can be beneficial. Upon completion of your undergraduate degree, you'll need to pass the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) to gain admission into law school. Law school typically lasts three years, during which you'll study various aspects of law including constitutional law, contract law, property law, civil procedures, and legal writing.


The field of law is vast, with numerous areas of specialization. Some lawyers may choose to specialize in corporate law, while others might focus on criminal law, environmental law, family law, or intellectual property law, among others. Specializing allows you to become an expert in a particular area of law, making you more attractive to potential clients or employers.

Bar Examination

After graduating from law school, you must pass the bar examination in your jurisdiction to become a licensed attorney. The bar exam tests your understanding of basic legal principles and your competence to practice law. Passing the bar exam is a significant milestone in a lawyer's career path.

Experience and Networking

As with many professions, gaining practical experience is crucial in the field of law. This could involve working as an intern at a law firm or serving as a clerk for a judge. Such experiences not only provide valuable insights into the workings of the legal system but also offer opportunities to network with professionals in the field. Building a strong professional network can open doors to job opportunities and career advancement.

Continuing Education

The field of law is constantly evolving, with new laws being enacted and old ones being amended or repealed. Therefore, it's essential for lawyers to commit to lifelong learning. Continuing education programs, seminars, and workshops can help lawyers stay abreast of changes in the law and enhance their expertise.


Having a mentor can be invaluable in navigating the complexities of the legal profession. A mentor can provide guidance, offer advice based on their experiences, and help you make informed decisions about your career path. In conclusion, becoming a successful lawyer requires a combination of education, specialization, passing the bar exam, gaining practical experience, networking, continuing education, and mentorship. By following these tips, you can set yourself up for a successful career in law.

What does a Lawyer's Career Path look like?

The career path of a lawyer can be quite varied, with many different specialties and areas of law to explore. Typically, after obtaining an undergraduate degree, the aspiring lawyer will complete a three-year law school program. Upon graduation, they must pass the bar exam in the jurisdiction where they wish to practice. The first step in a lawyer's career is often working as an associate in a law firm. This allows them to gain experience and build their legal skills under the supervision of experienced attorneys. After several years, they may become partners in the firm or decide to start their own practice. Many lawyers also choose to specialize in a specific area of law, such as criminal law, corporate law, family law, or environmental law. This often involves additional training and certification.

How long does it take to become a Lawyer?

Becoming a lawyer requires significant time and dedication. After earning a four-year undergraduate degree, prospective lawyers typically attend law school for another three years. After graduating from law school, they must pass the bar exam, which can take several months to prepare for. Additionally, many new lawyers spend several years as associates in law firms before progressing in their careers. Thus, the total time to become a fully independent lawyer can be approximately 7-10 years or more.

What skills are required to be a Lawyer?

Being a successful lawyer requires a wide range of skills. Strong analytical abilities are essential for understanding complex legal issues and making reasoned arguments. Excellent communication skills are also critical, as lawyers must be able to clearly explain legal strategies and concepts to their clients and argue persuasively in court. In addition to these intellectual abilities, lawyers also need good interpersonal skills to build relationships with clients and other legal professionals. They must also have strong ethical standards and professionalism to maintain the trust of their clients and the integrity of the legal system.

What are the job prospects for Lawyers?

Job prospects for lawyers can vary depending on their area of specialization and the current state of the economy. However, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of lawyers is projected to grow 4 percent from 2019 to 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Competition for jobs over the next 10 years is expected to be strong because more students graduate from law school each year than there are jobs available.

How much does a Lawyer earn?

The earning potential for lawyers can vary greatly depending on their area of specialization, location, and level of experience. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for lawyers was $126,930 in May 2020. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $61,490, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $208,000. Lawyers who own their own practices usually earn less than those who are partners in law firms. Lawyers working for private industry and government also tend to have stable earnings.